Wisconsin Geography, Population, Business and History

Wisconsin, abbreviated WI and Wis., Is a state in the United States in the Midwest, west of Lake Michigan. The state has a total area of ​​145,436 km2 and has 5,795,483 residents (US Census, 2017). The capital is Madison.

The name Wisconsin is an ojibwa- language name, formerly spelled Ouisconsin and Misconsing, ‘grassy place’ or ‘ummot’. The state is also known as The Badger State, the ‘ Badger State ‘.


The northern part belongs to the Canadian bedrock shield. The southwestern part has not been iced, but otherwise Wisconsin is a rolling plain with heavy masses of mass and many lakes and marshes. The majority have drains through the Wisconsin River, Chippewa and other bees to the Mississippi, forming the western boundary. The climate is continental : Madison has an average temperature of 23 °C in July, –8 °C in January and 790 mm of rainfall.


Of the population, 81.3 percent are white, 6.7 percent African American, 6.9 percent Hispanic, 2.9 percent Asian and 1.2 percent indigenous (US Census, 2017). The state is dominated by Germans and Scandinavians, with strong islets of Polish and British settlement.

70.2 percent of the population lives in cities (2010). The major cities are Milwaukee, the capital Madison, Green Bay, Kenosha and Racine. The largest institution of higher education is the University of Wisconsin (founded 1849) with its headquarters in Madison and 26 branches elsewhere in the state. The most important denominations are Catholics and Protestants.

Wisconsin sends two senators and eight representatives to the federal congress in Washington DC.


The production of dairy products is greater than in any other state, and the agricultural cooperation is well developed. Corn, oats and hay are especially grown; moreover, potatoes, wheat, tobacco, barley, vegetables and berries. The number of farms has decreased and the size has increased in recent years; about 30 percent of the area is cultivated land.

Large parts of the northern areas are covered by forests; Wood species such as spruce and birch provide the basis for an extensive sawmill and wood processing industry. The heavy industry is well developed, with significant machinery and brewery industry in the Milwaukee area. Otherwise, the food and electrotechnical industry dominates. The main mining products are sand, gravel, building stone, marble and zinc. A number of ports on the Great Lakes are approached by seagoing ships through the St. Lawrence Seaway. Large tourist traffic, especially by hunters and anglers.


Wisconsin was visited by French traders and missionaries from 1634. The area was surrendered to the United Kingdom in 1763. In 1783 it came to the United States and became part of the Northwest Territory that Congress created in 1787. In 1836, Wisconsin was organized as its own territory, before it became occupied in the Union as the 30th State in 1848.

The state then experienced significant growth, not least due to immigration from Germany and Scandinavia. Wisconsin has emerged as a liberal and progressive state politically and was the center of the Progressive Party during the interwar period.

Wisconsin Population 2019

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