Geography in Tunisia
The northern Tunisian mountainous region is characterized by the eastern foothills of the Atlas Mountains. The mountain ranges of the Kroumirie (700 – 800 m) run along the northern Mediterranean coast, from the Algerian border to the Bay of Bizerta, to which the flatter Mogod mountainous region with a height of 300 – 400 m connects in the east. The mountains, which are delightful for a trip to Tunisia, descend into the Mediterranean with a mostly steep rocky coast. On the southern, leeward side of the coastal mountains is the fertile valley basin of the Medjerda, the 450 km longest river in Tunisia, which is the only river in the country to carry water all year round. Important parts of Tunisian agriculture are concentrated in the lower reaches of the Medjerda.
Adjacent to the Medjerda basin is the dorsal, the northernmost part of the Tellatlas Mountains running from northeast to southwest, which are a popular travel destination and with Tunisia’s highest mountain, the Djebel Chambi, up to an altitude of 1544 meters above sea level. NN increases. To the east of the Dorsal lies the coastal region known as the Sahel, which is very fertile due to the rain-bringing east winds and a pleasant travel area for Tunisia. To the south of this is the region of the Central Tunisian steppe country, which is characterized by dry valleys (wadis) and bordered to the south by the Schott depression that extends into the country from Algeria. This depression, which should not be missed on any tour, lies below sea level and is characterized by salt lakes (Schotts) such as the Chott el Djerid and numerous oases.
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Flora and fauna in Tunisia
The typical Mediterranean vegetation in the north of the travel destination Tunisia is home to Aleppo pines, juniper trees, deciduous forests, cork and holm oaks or even vineyards, depending on the altitude. In the south of Tunisia, with the exception of the oasis gardens, which are worth seeing when traveling, in which many useful plants are cultivated in a very small space and supplied with irrigation channels, steppe vegetation with bushes, wild grasses and the typical esperto grass.
When traveling through Tunisia, wild boar, lynx and a variety of snake species including poisonous snakes such as the cobra or horned viper can be observed in the forests. The remaining stocks of wild asses are protected by a hunting ban. Hyenas, jackals, gazelles, wild goats and typical desert animals such as the gerbil and the fennec live in the southern and drier regions of the country. The bird world includes the osprey, peregrine falcon, long-eared owl and bearded vulture. The wetlands of the Ichkeul National Park in the north of the country, which are worth seeing on a trip to Tunisia, are an important bird sanctuary and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
National parks and nature conservation in Tunisia
There are 17 national parks and protected areas in Tunisia, which are intended to preserve and protect different vegetation and habitats and are popular travel destinations in Tunisia. The best known is the Ichkeul National Park which extends over 126 km² hectares and includes the Lac Ichkeul. The park owes its inclusion in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites to its unique ecosystem. The National Park of Forêt El Feija in the north-west of the country, which is characterized by the impressive mountainous landscape of the Kroumirie, is also worth visiting on a trip to Tunisia. The Djebel Chambi National Park in central western Tunisia is home to Atlas deer and wild boar in the ancient forests of cork and holm oaks. The huge one Jebil National Park in southern Tunisia covers an area of 1500 km² in the Tunisian Sahara and offers endless space and solitude for adventure travel. Other national parks that are interesting for a trip to Tunisia include the small Boukorine National Park south of Tunis, the Zembra National Park, which consists of an island and surrounding waters on the Gulf of Tunis, the Sidi-Toui National Park in the southeast on the border with Libya and the one in the Bou Hedma National Park in the central steppe region of Tunisia .
Transport network in Tunisia
The road network in Tunisia is almost 19,000 km long, 257 km of which are motorways. Almost 12,500 km of the road network are paved, the rest consists of slopes and unpaved roads. A large part of the public transport is carried out with buses or shared taxis called Louage over the street.
The railway network of Tunisia has a length of 2145 km and mostly dates from the colonial times. It serves the 200 long-distance and local transport stations, which in particular connect the suburbs of Tunis and Sousse with the city center.
There are seven international airports for long-distance travel among the 30 airports in Tunisia. The main ones are Tunis Airport (TUN), Monastir Airport (MIR) and Djerba Airport (DJE).
There are sea and commercial ports in Bizerte, Gabès, La Goulette, Radès, Sfax, Sousse, Skhira and Zarzis. A new deep-sea port is being built in Enfidha on the northeast coast of Tunisia.