Serbia is located in south-eastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. The country borders in the north with Hungary, in the north-east with Romania, in the south-east with Bulgaria, in the south with Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia, in the south-west with Montenegro, in the west with Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the north-west with Croatia. The capital Belgrade lies on the Danube.
The landscape of Serbia is characterized in the north by the fertile plains of the Danube Valley and in the south by several low mountain ranges that connect the Dinaric Mountains in the west and the Balkan Mountains in the east. There are numerous monasteries and fortresses in Serbia, which testify to the influences of the centuries-long Byzantine, Roman and Turkish occupations of the country. Fascinating landscapes can be visited in the national parks. The Djerdap National Park, located on the Danube near Golubac, is one of the most visited tourist regions. The main attraction is the Djerdap gorge, a gorge over 100 kilometers long that forms the gateway to the southern foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. Visit sourcemakeup.com for Serbia destinations.
The Serbian population is also very diverse. The richness of culture and ways of life create a special atmosphere in Serbia. Anyone who spends their vacation in Serbia can discover the different cooking styles of the Serbs, Romanians, Bulgarians, Bosniaks and also the Roma. These population groups are most strongly represented in Serbia.
Serbia has also been a country with a very mixed population in the past. In addition to residents of Hungarian origin, there are also German immigrants in Serbia. In the years after the end of World War II, however, around 510,000 people of German origin were expelled from the country. They were accused of treason. Today, of course, this no longer applies and so more and more Germans have emigrated to Serbia in recent years. One reason for this is certainly the wonderful landscapes.
If you don’t want to move forever, you can of course visit this inviting country in a beautiful one vacation explore and get to know his inspiring people.
The climate in Serbia varies between a continental climate in the north (cold winter and hot, humid summer with year-round precipitation) and an Adriatic climate in the south (hot, dry summer and autumn and relatively cold winter with heavy snowfall inland). Above all, the differences in altitude and the different distances to the Adriaticsea ensure climatic differences.
The Vojvodina in northern Serbia has a typical continental climate, the air masses flowing a mainly from northern and western Europe. South and southwest Serbia lies under Mediterranean influences. The Dinaric Alps and other mountains contribute to the cooling of the warm air masses.
The winters in the Sanjak region in southwest Serbia, northeast Montenegro and Kosovo are relatively cold due to the surrounding mountains.
Best travel time for Switzerland
Most travelers prefer the months from May to September. The relatively mild periods in spring and late autumn are ideal for hiking. The ski season is usually between December and March.
Serbia – key data
Area: 77,474 km²
Population: 7.3 million (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Serbs 82.9%,Hungary 3.9%, Roma 1.4%, Yugoslavs 1.1%, Bosniaks 1.8%, Montenegrins 0.9%, others 8% (2002 census)
Population density: 94 residents per km²
Population growth: -0.467% per year (2011, 10th largest population decline worldwide)
Capital: Belgrade (1.54 million residents, 2001, agglomeration: 1.9 million residents, 2001)
Highest point: Midzor, 2,169 m
Lowest point: Ada Huja Island in the Danube, 70 m
Form of government: Serbia is a parliamentary democracy. The Serbian constitution dates from 2006.
Administrative division: 25 districts (Okrug, plural Okruzi) Central Serbia
Belgrade, Bor, Brani? Evo, Jablanica, Kolubara, Ma? Va, Moravica, Nišava, P? Inja, Pirot, Podunavlje, Pomoravlje, Raška, Rasina, Šumadija, Toplica, Zaje ? ar, Zlatibor
Severna Ba? ka, Ju na Ba? ka, Zapadna Ba? ka, Severni Banat, Srednji Banat, Ju ni Banat, Srem
Head of State: President Tomislav Nikoli ?, since May 31, 2012
Head of Government: Prime Minister Ivica Dacic, since July 27, 2012
Language: the official language in Serbia is Serbian (88.3%). Hungarian 3.8%, Bosnian 1.8%, Roma 1.1%, others 4.1%, no information 0.9% (2002 census).
Religion: Serbian Orthodox 85%, Catholic 5.5%, Protestant 1.1%, Muslim 3.2%, unspecified 2.6%, other, unknown or no religion 2.6% (2002 census)
Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Serbia (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe is 0 h in both winter and summer.
International phone code: +381
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
The Republic Serbia is a landlocked country in the center of the Balkan Peninsula. Serbia borders Hungary in the north, Romania in the northeast, Bulgaria in the east, Macedonia in the south and Kosovo in the southwest. Serbia shares the western border with the neighboring countries Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The total area of Serbia amounts to almost 77,500 square kilometers; it is the largest part of the former Yugoslavia.
The north of Serbia is shaped by the foothills of the great Hungarian lowlands. The so-called Vojvodina forms together with the Belgrade Basin where the Sava and Danube flow together, the only two plains in the country. Central Serbia, also known as Old Serbia, is predominantly dominated by hills and wooded low mountain ranges. From the Pannonian Plain in the north, the land gradually becomes higher towards the east, south and west and extends up to the foothills of the Carpathian Arc. These mountains are known as the Serbian Ore Mountains and include the Homoljske Planine, Deli Jovan and Veliki Maljenik mountain ranges. To the south of it stretches the Balkan Mountains, the Stara Planina, where the Midzor rises at 2,169 meters rises as the highest mountain on Serbian soil. The ridge of the Western Balkans also forms the natural border with neighboring Bulgaria.
The Balkan Mountains continue in the southeast into the Besna Kobila massif, the highest peak of which is 1,923 meters high. The land becomes flatter towards the south until it merges into the fertile hills of Sumadija south of the capital Belgrade. The Sumadija runs in the southwest and west to the foothills of the mountains of the inner Dinarides, the highest peak of which, the Pancicev Vrh, reaches 2,017 meters. In the south, the Kopaonik Mountains form the natural border with Kosovo.
The Danube is that most important river in Serbia, through which all rivers in the country drain. The most important tributaries of the Danube are the Tisza, Sava and Morava. The country’s large lakes are mainly used as reservoirs, including Lake Drina on the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lake Derdap, Lake Vlasinsko in the southeast, Lake Zlatarsko, Lake Bovansko and Sjenicko Lake. There are also many other small lakes and thermal springs used as baths that are scattered across the country.
Serbia – how to get there
Airplane: To the airlines that offer flights to and from Serbia include, for example, Lufthansa (LH), Swiss International Air Lines (LX), Austrian Airlines (OS), Montenegro Airlines (YM),Air France(AF), Aeroflot (SU),? SA (OK), Alitalia (AZ), British Airways (BA), Malev Hungarian Airlines (MA) and Olympic Airways (OA).
Airports: Belgrade airportNikola Tesla handles a large part of the international flights to Serbia.
Car: if you want to travel to Serbia with your own car, you need an international driver’s license and the green insurance certificate.
Bus: there are well-developed bus connections to Western Europe and Turkey. Buses run from Belgrade to Germany (Munich), Sweden (Malmö), Switzerland (Zurich) and France (Paris).
Serbia – traveling in the country
Railway: the Serbian railway company Jugoslovenske eleznice offers train connections between Belgrade to Novi Sad, Subotica and Bar in Montenegro. Timetables are available on the company’s website.
Trains generally run slower than buses, and the rail network needs to be expanded. Since there are different tickets for the different trains, should traveler inquire at state ticket sales.
Car: individual tours by car through Serbia are the ideal way to get to know the country. Serbia has an extensive road network. Speed limits should be strictly adhered to, as the police regularly carry out radar and random vehicle checks.
Numerous rental car agencies such as Hertz, VIP and Budget have offices at Belgrade Airport. Mater Rent a Car offers inexpensive vehicles with basic equipment. If you rent a car, you should make sure that the tires are in good condition and that the lights are working. The vehicles must be equipped with first aid equipment, a warning triangle, a spare wheel and spare lamps.
Bus: Serbia’s bus network is reliable and covers the whole country. The buses are rarely fully occupied and therefore seats are usually available. There is an additional charge for luggage. Reservations are only recommended for international bus connections, long-distance trips and connections that are rarely offered.
Bicycle: Cyclists are rarely found in Serbia, even in the cities. There are no special provisions.