Area: 57,215 km²
Residents: 3,729,635 (January 2015)
Population density: 65.2 E / km²
Form of Government: Republic
System of Government: semi-presidential system
Neighboring countries: Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Capital: Tbilisi National
Regional languages: including Azerbaijani, Armenian, Abkhazian, Ossetian, Russian
84% Christian Orthodox,
0.48% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Currency: Lari (GEL)
1 GEL = 100 Tetri
1 EUR = 3.98 GEL
1 GEL = 0.25 EUR
1 CHF = 3.69 GEL
1 GEL = 0.27 CHF
(rate from 02/12/2021)
Telephone area code: + 995
time zone: UTC +4 CET
In 2020 Offizie wandered ll 81 German made to Georgia and 80 came back to their homes. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 727 Germans officially emigrated to Georgia and 765 moved back to Germany.
More than 26 ethnic groups live in Georgia and speak a total of 24 languages. The official language is Georgian. Half of the population speaks Russian. Because of the close contact with Europe, more and more people also speak English, German, Greek or French. Each ethnic group has its own culture and customs. The majority of the population belongs to the autocephalous Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church. Important branches of the economy are agriculture, the service sector and tourism.
There are three different climatic zones in Georgia. The Black Sea coast and the Colchis lowlands have a subtropical, humid climate. The winters are quite mild with an average between 3 and 6 degrees and the summers are quite long and warm with an average of 21 to 24 degrees. In the summer months the humidity is quite high.
East of the Surami Mountains there is a continental dry climate. In January, the average temperatures are usually a little below 0 degrees with little snow. The mean value in July is between 23 and 25 degrees. Temperatures often reach 30 degrees or more in the afternoon. There is an alpine climate in the mountain regions. In winter, temperatures can drop to minus 40 degrees here. There are also heavy snowfalls. The summer is rather cool.
According to allcitycodes, Georgia consists of around 87 percent mountains. In the north is the Greater Caucasus, the highest mountain of which (the Shchara) is 5,201 meters high. Embedded between the high snow-capped mountains lie very fertile valleys. About 25,000 rivers flow from the icy, somewhat barren highlands through the lowlands.
More than a third of the country is covered with forest. It is home to countless mammals, birds, reptiles and insects. Brown bears, wolves, lynxes, golden jackals and the rare Caucasus leopards roam the forests.
The interior of the country is protected from the cold air from the north by the mountains of the Greater Caucasus. This allows the moist air currents coming from the Black Sea to spread unhindered in the western part of Georgia and warm it up. The mild climate allows the more than 500 different grape varieties to thrive.
Georgians are extremely hospitable. The low prices and the associated quality of life are worth mentioning. Georgia is also connected to inexpensive international airlines, which enables high mobility within Europe and around the world. The EU driving license is also accepted without any problems in Georgia.
Travel and Visa
Changed travel regulations during and after the corona pandemic
Travelers from Germany are allowed to enter Germany without proof of vaccination if they are German citizens or holders of a residence permit in Germany. A final list of other countries from which entry is possible can be found on the website of the Georgian Foreign Ministry.
Entry into Georgia must take place by direct flight or with a transit stay (without leaving the transit area of the airport) in another country. A negative PCR test result must be presented for entry, which was taken 72 hours before entry at the earliest. Airlines are required not to carry passengers who do not have an up-to-date PCR test result in Georgian or English.
In addition, another PCR test must be carried out on the third day after entry at your own expense. Stays in the 14 days prior to the trip as well as the contact details for the stay in Georgia must be provided by each person entering the country in an electronic form prior to the trip.
Exceptions apply to business travelers who only want to stay in Georgia for a short time. Regardless of the above requirements, you can enter from any country and take a PCR test every 72 hours at your own expense. Business travelers have to register using an electronic form specially provided for them and will receive a response from the Georgian authorities within ten working days as to whether the entry will be approved.
Georgia allows unrestricted entry by air for those who are fully vaccinated and can provide appropriate evidence. If a foreign vaccination certificate is available, this must be translated into Georgian or English. The yellow vaccination certificate from Germany is sufficient to prove that the vaccination has been carried out when entering Georgia; the digital vaccination certificate is also accepted.
The land and sea borders are reopened for travelers from Germany and the other countries listed in the above list. Vaccinated people who cross the land or sea border must show a negative PCR test, which was taken at least 72 hours before entry. Travelers who have not been vaccinated must also undergo a PCR test on the third day after entry.
General provisions for travel and residence (until the corona pandemic)
Entry for up to one year
In order to be able to enter Georgia, German and Austrian citizens need a passport or identity card. Swiss citizens can only enter with a passport. Every child needs its own identity document. The documents must be valid until the time of departure. (As of: 2/2020)
German and Austrian citizens only need an identity card to arrive by direct flight. If you fly to Georgia with a change in Istanbul, Warsaw, Riga or Kiev, entry with a passport is recommended, as some airlines do not accept the identity card.
German, Austrian and Swiss citizens can enter Georgia without a visa and stay in Georgia for up to one year.
If you decide to stay longer in Georgia, you must apply for a temporary residence permit in good time (at least 30 days before the end of the one-year stay). You can do this at the Ministry of Justice of Georgia or at the regional offices of the Civil Registration Authority. (Civil Registry, www.cra.gov.ge).
Offices in Tbilisi
Abashidze street 68 (in Tbilisi-Wake)
Budapeschti street 2 (in Tbilisi-Saburtalo)
Ketevan Tsamebuli street 65 (Isani)
If you plan to visit Georgia for more than a year, to study or work there or to live permanently in Georgia, you have to apply for a corresponding visa.
Such a visa must be issued in the passport (a visa blank) or electronically (electronic visa). Visas can be applied for by post via the Georgian diplomatic mission abroad without a personal visit.
Immigration Regulations – Residence Permit
Anyone coming to Georgia for immigration purposes must apply for an immigrant visa. This visa is issued to people in order to work; to fulfill a scientific, athletic, cultural or educational mission; and for the purpose of family reunification.
Immigrant visas of the following categories are issued:
- for people who come to Georgia to work
- Representatives and advisors to companies and firms that travel to Georgia to carry out their official duties
- Foreign nationals entering Georgia to work under concluded contracts
- Individuals coming to Georgia to do business under the Georgian Law on Entrepreneurs
- for people who come to Georgia on a scientific, sporting, cultural or educational mission
- to do an internship
- voluntary work
- to study or research in or on the premises of authorized educational institutions in Georgia
- to study in international programs
- for people coming to Georgia for family reunification
- for persons who have the right to purchase real estate (other than agricultural land) with a market value of more than 35,000 USD in Georgian Laris and their family members. The market value of the property is determined by a certified appraiser (Georgian Unified National Accreditation Body)