Religion in Sri Lanka
Among believers, Buddhism is widespread (69%), Hindus – about 15%, Christians – 8% (Catholics predominate), Muslims – 8%. According to the constitution, freedom of religion is proclaimed in Sri Lanka.
Transport in Sri Lanka
Charter flights fly from Moscow to Sri Lanka, the flight takes about 9 hours. There are no direct regular flights from Russia to Sri Lanka. In Katunayake, not far from the capital, there is an international airport.
Inside the country, the only means of transportation are buses and trains. There is also a taxi and a kind of analogue of a taxi – “tuk-tuk” – a three-wheeled scooter with a cabin that can accommodate up to 3 people. Between distant cities it is better to travel by train.
Renting a car is not recommended. In Sri Lanka left-hand traffic, few road signs and many traffic accidents due to a very low driving culture. When renting a car, you must provide a passport, driver’s license, credit card and be over 21 years old.
Plant and Animal World in Sri Lanka
In the southwest, at the foot of the mountains and on their slopes, in some places dense moist equatorial forests with a huge variety of vegetation types (ebony, teak, silk tree, fruit trees) have been preserved. Prickly bushes grow along the northwestern and southeastern coasts, sometimes there are mangrove forests and coconut palms.
Of the animals on the island, there are elephant, Ceylon bear, leopard, lynx, 5 species of monkeys, deer, wild boars, viverras, many lizards, snakes and crocodiles. The diversity of birds is striking, including parrots, peacocks, flamingos and storks.
Minerals in Sri Lanka
The main minerals of the island: graphite, apatite, kaolin and other clays, limestone, feldspars, quartz sand, precious and semi-precious stones (sapphire, ruby, aquamarine, topaz, moonstone, chrysoberyl, etc.).
Banks in Sri Lanka
Banks are open from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 13:00.
Money in Sri Lanka
The official currency of the country is the Sri Lankan rupee, which is equal to 100 cents. In circulation there are denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees, coins of 1, 2, 5 rupees and 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 cents.
Currency can be exchanged at banks and hotels, but best of all – at Colombo airport. At the same time, it is worth keeping checks so that when leaving the country, exchange the remaining rupees at the purchase rate. Major cities have ATMs, and some hotels and malls accept credit cards and travelers checks.
Rate: 1000 Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) = 5.9 USD
Political State in Sri Lanka
According to politicsezine, Sri Lanka is a republic with a presidential form of government. The president has broad powers and is elected by direct vote for a term of 6 years. Legislative activity is carried out by the Parliament.
Population in Sri Lanka
The main ethnic groups are Sinhalese (Singhals) – 74%, Tamils (descendants of ancient settlers from India – Sri Lankan Tamils, besides them there are Indian Tamils) – 18%, Moors (Arabs) – 7%, burghers (descendants of the Portuguese and Dutch), Malays and Veddas, of which no more than 3,000 people remained.
The official language is Sinhala. In the north and east of the country, Tamil is also the official language. Almost the entire population understands English and can speak it.
Cuisine in Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan cuisine is based on rice and beans. Rice is used to make roti cakes, appu pancakes with coconut milk, indiappa vermicelli, rice-coconut mixture in a bamboo stalk pitta, and pilaf. Meat is consumed little, and beef is not eaten at all, since the cow is considered a sacred animal. The local menu has a lot of seafood dishes – tuna fillet, dried and smoked fish of all kinds, squid, lobster and shrimp. Sri Lankan cuisine is spicy. Dishes are seasoned with garlic, pepper, saffron, nutmeg, ginger, cardamom, cinnamon, coriander and cumin. A variety of vegetable and fruit salads are popular.
The national drink, consumed everywhere – tea, also drink coconut milk and fruit juices. The main alcoholic drink is the coconut moonshine “arak”, you can try the local beer “Layon”, the rest of the alcohol is poorly refined from fusel oils, so it is not of very high quality.