Religion in South Korea
About 51% of believers are Buddhists, 35% profess Protestantism, 12% – Catholicism, 2% are adherents of Confucianism and shamanism. About 40% of the country’s population are atheists.
Transport in South Korea
You can get to South Korea by plane from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Irkutsk and Novosibirsk and by ferry from the port of Zarubino, which runs once a week and arrives in the Korean city of Sokcho.
Inside the country, you can travel by plane, bus, train and rented car. All major cities in South Korea are interconnected by airlines. Domestically, two Korean airlines operate flights between 14 cities: Seoul, Busan, Jeju, Daegu, Gwangju, Jinju, Wonju, Jeonju, Yeosu, Ulsan, Mokpo, Gunsan, Yanyang and Pohang. You can also travel around South Korea by train. The country has two high-speed rail lines that connect Seoul with the cities of Busan and Mokpo. Tickets for such trains are expensive, but the level of comfort is fully consistent with the price. In addition, conventional trains, express trains, and fast trains run throughout South Korea. At the stations of major cities, train passes are sold with a validity period of 3 to 10 days, which will significantly reduce the cost of traveling by train. In addition, intercity bus service has been established in the country. Transportation is carried out by regular commuter buses and express buses, which also travel over long distances. Express buses come in medium and high class, but even the middle class buses are very comfortable – they are equipped with TVs and toilets. Suburban buses are less comfortable and the trip is cheaper. For those who do not like public transport, we can advise you to travel around the country in a rented car, because the quality of the roads here is very high.
The offshore islands of the southern part of the country can be reached by ferries, but they often lack the basic necessities and are adapted only for the transport of goods or vehicles.
On Jeju Island and in the National Parks, the best means of transport is a bicycle.
Inside the cities of South Korea, you can travel by bus. Travel in them is carried out by transport cards, which are also valid in the metro, or when paying in cash. Buses are divided into ordinary, luxury, high class and limousines. Limousine buses most often serve airports. In the capital of the country, ordinary buses are blue (run through several districts of the city), green (run within the same district), red (suburban buses) and yellow (ring). It is worth noting that buses throughout the country run strictly according to the schedule. In the cities of Seoul, Busan, Daegu and Gwangju has a subway. You can buy a metro ticket at the metro ticket office, as well as at ticket machines. The Seoul subway is so big that it connects the capital even with the suburbs. Most often, tourists travel within cities by taxi. It can be ordered by phone or just caught on the street. Taxis are divided into ordinary and luxury. Taxi fares are more expensive at night. In many taxis there is a free English translation service, which is carried out using a mobile phone. The driver will give you a phone, and you will explain to the operator on the other end of the line where to go, and the operator will already explain this to the driver.
In order to rent a car, you must be over 21 years old, have a driving experience of more than 1 year, and have a passport and an international driver’s license.
Plant and Animal World in South Korea
The mountain slopes of the East Korean mountains are covered with mixed forests dominated by pine, spruce, oak, linden, poplar, maple, ash, elm, aspen and hornbeam. Also in these forests there are acacia, Manchurian walnut, velvet tree, tree trunks are braided with vines, and ginseng grows in the undergrowth. The coastal plains are occupied by bamboo thickets, evergreen oaks, laurels and rice fields.
Foxes, wild boars, gorals, roe deer, spotted deer, red deer, columns, otters, squirrels live in the forests of South Korea, sometimes you can meet tigers, leopards, lynxes and Ussuri and white-breasted bears. In coastal areas, the greatest diversity of birds is observed: passerines, herons, cranes, storks, geese, ducks, sandpipers, gulls, cormorants, razorbills, guillemots and guillemots. In addition, on the territory of South Korea there are such birds of prey as the Kamchatka eagle, and large birds of the gaiter order – pheasants, black grouse and hazel grouse. Several hundred species of fish live in the coastal and inland waters of the country.
Minerals in South Korea
South Korea has deposits of coal, iron ore, polymetallic ores, copper ores, manganese ores, nickel ores, tungsten ores, molybdenum ores, gold, silver, graphite and limestone.
Political State in South Korea
The official name of the country is the Republic of Korea. Often, in order not to confuse the country with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, it is called by its geographical location – South Korea. According to politicsezine, South Korea is a democratic republic. The head of state is the president. Legislative power is concentrated in the hands of the National Assembly. Executive power is vested in the President and the Council of State, which is headed by the Prime Minister.
Population in South Korea
Most of the population (about 99%) are Koreans. The Chinese and Europeans also live in the country.
The official language of South Korea is Korean.