Climate: The best time to travel to Nicaragua
|Managua||Temp ° C min||Max Temperature ° C||Hours of sunshine||Rainy days|
The climate of Nicaragua ranges from the humid and warm to the tropical zone, with temperatures in the lowlands and on the coast remaining stable with an average of 25 ° C, while they fluctuate between 15 and 20 ° C at high altitudes. Precipitation varies greatly from region to region. The amount of precipitation is greatest on the Caribbean coast, while the Pacific lowlands and the west of the highlands are spared the damp trade winds that rain down further east. The dry season on the Pacific side lasts from November to April, on the Caribbean coast only from February to April. The winter or rainy season on the Pacific side is between May and November, with the wettest time in September and October when the sea turtles come to the beach. Summer or dry season is from November to April. On the Caribbean side, especially along the Río San Juan, it is rainy all year round.
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Flora and fauna in Nicaragua
The Caribbean lowlands in eastern Nicaragua and the eastern slopes of the mountains are largely covered by evergreen rainforest with a great variety of species. In the mountains in the center of the country, the rainforest changes into mountain forest from a height of approx. 600 m; On the coast there are mangrove forests and wide swamp areas. Pine forests are now growing in places where the rainforest was cut down.
The fauna of Nicaragua is rich in species. Pumas, jaguars, ocelots, various species of monkeys and many reptiles such as alligators and snakes (e.g. Boa constrictor) live in the rainforest areas. The diverse bird life includes parrots, hummingbirds, toucans and pelicans.
Transport network in Nicaragua
The Panamericana runs through Nicaragua, including the cities of Managua, Granada and Rivas. At the Penas Blancas border crossing, it meets the national territory of Costa Rica. The road network is relatively well developed in the southwest. The road from Lovago / Acoyapa to San Carlos and from Leon to Poneloya on the Pacific coast is newly developed and in very good condition.
A domestic airline operates between Managua, Bluefields, Puerto Cabezas, San Carlos and the Corn Islands. There are regular boat connections on the Caribbean coast, in Lake Nicaragua and on the Río San Juan. The former railway line from Chinandega via the capital Managua to Granada on Lake Nicaragua, as well as a branch line from Masaya to Diriamba and from León to El Sauce is no longer in operation. In Granada you can still visit the former train station and a steam locomotive including some wagons (museum).
For centuries there have been plans to build a canal through Nicaragua. These have been up to date again since the late 1990s, as the Panama Canal is no longer suitable for all ships