Nebraska, abbreviated NE and Nebr., Is a state in the Midwest of the United States, west of the Missouri River. Nebraska borders the north toward South Dakota, east to Iowa and Missouri, south to Kansas and Colorado, and west to Wyoming.
The state has an area of 200 357 km2 and has 1 920 076 residents (US Census, 2017). The capital is Lincoln.
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Nebraska is a rolling plains country, which, through the Platte, Niobrara and Republican rivers, drains eastward toward the Missouri River. The landscape is somewhat more cropped in the west than in the east (Badlands), and descends from 1650 meters above sea level. in the southwest to 250 masl in the southeast. Eastern Nebraska is covered by fertile loam soil, western Nebraska with sand and clay. The climate is markedly continental.
Nebraska was originally populated by various indigenous peoples who lived by hunting, retreating and partly farming. European colonization began in earnest after the construction of the Union Pacific railway in 1869. The population, which in 1870 was about 120,000, had already passed one million in 1890. Population growth has been small throughout the 20th century, and growth was particularly low in the period 1980–1990 with only 0.5 per cent in total. Later, the population has increased somewhat, and growth was 8.4 per cent during the 1990–2000 period.
Of the population, 79 percent are white, 5.5 percent Hispanic, and 5.1 percent black (US Census, 2017). 73.1 percent of the population lives in cities (2010). Largest cities are Omaha and the capital Lincoln.
Nebraska sends two senators and three representatives of the federal Congress in Washington DC. Since 1934, Nebraska has been the only state in the United States to have a one-room system.
Nebraska is one of America’s most important agricultural states. Corn, winter wheat, sorghum, soybeans and sugar beets are grown, further oats, barley, rye and potatoes. The big team is considerable. The most important industrial branch is the food industry with large slaughterhouses and mills; other industries include mechanical, chemical and graphic industries.
Omaha is one of the leading insurance business centers in the United States. There are more than 30 higher education institutions, including the State University with branches in Lincoln (founded 1869) and Omaha (1908).
Nebraska was possibly visited by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1541. The area later came under France, then during Spain 1763-1801, became French again, and joined the United States in 1803 during the Louisiana acquisition. Nebraska gained its status as a territory in 1854 and became the 37th state in the Union in 1867. Subsequently, the area was largely populated by European immigrants. The boundaries were finally established after minor extensions 1882 and 1908.