Maldives Energy and Environment Facts

Natural resources, energy and environment

The Maldives have few natural resources, unless the tropical climate and sandy beaches that form the basis of the tourism industry are taken into account. The existence of the Maldives may be threatened by the rising seawater levels caused by climate change.

The need for electricity has risen sharply in pace with the modernization of the island republic. The Maldives have long imported oil to meet their energy needs, but the threat of climate change caused the government in 2009 to decide that the Maldives would become the world’s first “carbon neutral” country in ten years.

  • COUNTRYAAH: Major exports by Maldives with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.

Investments were initiated on solar, wave and wind power, as well as on plants for the combustion of coconuts. The idea was that the country would be an example for other countries in the fight against climate change. Around 80 percent of the island’s land area is less than one meter above sea level.

In March 2017, however, a course change came when the Yamin government stated that major investments in tourism and infrastructure should be given priority over the conversion to renewable energy. Maldivier who lived in areas that were at risk of being submerged would instead be moved to higher land.

Another environmental problem is that several islands are threatened by erosion (soil destruction) since the extraction of coral and sand destroyed the natural wave barriers.

  • Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, MV stands for Maldives. Visit itypeusa for more information about Maldives.


Energy use per person

857 kilos of oil equivalent (2007)

Carbon dioxide emissions in total

1 335 thousand tonnes (2014)

Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant

3.3 tons (2014)

The share of energy from renewable sources

1.0 percent (2015)



Vice President Adib is dismissed

Parliament dismisses Vice President Adib, who is in custody on suspicion of treason and attempted murder of President Yamin (see October 2015).

A state of emergency is temporarily introduced

President Yamin faces an emergency permit throughout the country for 30 days. The announcement comes two days before the opposition party MDP will hold a planned demonstration. The state of emergency gives the country’s security forces far-reaching powers to arrest people suspected of interfering with law and order and threatening the country’s security. Government officials claim that police recently found weapons and ammunition hides near the presidential palace and that a bomb threat was averted. The state of emergency is canceled after a few days as a result of pressure from the outside world.

FBI: no evidence of bomb attack

The FBI is investigating the explosion aboard President Yamin’s boat and finds that there is no evidence that it was a bomb attack.


The vice president is arrested for high treason

Nearly a month after an explosion occurred aboard President Yamin’s boat, Vice President Ahmed Adib, a suspect for high treason and attempted murder, is arrested in connection with the explosion.


Alleged attack on board President’s boat

September 28

Political intrigue increases as an explosion occurs on board President Yamin’s boat. The president’s wife and two other people receive minor injuries. The government describes the explosion as an assassination attempt on the head of state. The incident occurs shortly after a number of government officials have been dismissed, including the Minister of Defense.


Nashid is taken back to prison

President Nashid, who was convicted of treason, is sent back from his house arrest to prison where he is to serve a 13-year sentence. It is unclear why he is moving and the government has no comment. Nashid’s lawyers and supporters are protesting.


Nashid’s sentence converted to house arrest

President Nashid, sentenced to 13 years in prison for treason (see March 2015), gets his sentence converted to house arrest. This has happened since the government appealed against the verdict, which received sharp criticism from, among other things, the US and the UN for falling after an unsuccessful trial. Nashid’s political opponent President Yamin is raging against “foreign involvement” in the Maldives’ internal affairs.

Foreign ownership of land is allowed

Parliament votes to allow foreign ownership of land, which has been prohibited by the Constitution; Forecasters warn that China will buy land on the strategically located islands of the Indian Ocean, with the aim of building a military base. President Yamin signs the change in the law, which the government believes will increase foreign investment.

Power struggles and increased political unrest

Parliament dismisses Vice President Mohamed Jamil Ahmed and accuses him of treason. He is replaced by Ahmed Adib. Media analysts warn of growing political unrest in the country.


Nashid’s defense minister is imprisoned

President Nashid’s then Secretary of Defense is sentenced to eleven years in prison for coup attempt.

Nashid is sentenced to 13 years in prison

President Muhammad Nashid, who leads the Maldives’ largest opposition party MDP, is sentenced to 13 years in prison for violating the terrorist laws. The crime was committed when Nashid, during his time as president, let him dismiss and arrest a high ranking judge (see January 2012). The verdict against Nashid falls after a trial that received sharp criticism from the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights for “flagrant irregularities”. According to the High Commissioner, the speedy legal process is likely to contravene the country’s constitution, which provides that a defendant should have the opportunity to properly prepare his defense. US Secretary of State John Kerry also criticizes the trial and warns that democracy is threatened in the Maldives.

Maldives Energy and Environment Facts

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