Indonesia Religion, Transport, Geography, Politics and Population

Religion in Indonesia

Among the believing population of the archipelago, the predominant number are Muslims, Islam is practiced by about 88% of the population. There are Christians (9%), mostly Catholics and Protestants; Hinduism is widespread on the island of Bali.

Transport in Indonesia

You can get to Indonesia by charter flights to the island of Bali, where Ngurah Rai International Airport is located in Denpasar. There are no direct regular flights from Russia to the archipelago, therefore, they mainly fly with transfers in some European and Asian cities. On the island of Java, 21 km from Jakarta, there is an international airport Soekarno Hatta.

In the country itself, sea and river navigation is developed, ferries run between the islands, but the easiest way to travel between the islands is by plane. Rail transport is poorly developed, the main routes are on the island of Java. Inside the cities, it is better to use the services of a taxi or bemo minibuses, however, there are practically no roads in the interior of Kalimantan, Sumatra and West Papua.

To rent a car, you must have an international driving license, driving experience of at least 1 year and be at least 21 years old. The price of renting a car with a driver and without a driver is about the same.

Motorbike rental also requires an international driving license (which you will only be asked if you are in violation of something) and you must wear a helmet.

Plant and Animal World in Indonesia

In Indonesia, the mountain slopes in the upper tier are covered with mixed and coniferous forests, a little lower – with tropical rainforests, in which trees up to 50 m high are found. Forests of palm trees and ficuses predominate on the plains, and ferns grow in the undergrowth. In areas where there is not much rainfall, there are casuarina (“red”) trees and bamboo. On the southern islands, you can see Australian vegetation, for example, eucalyptus is common here. On the coasts in wetlands, mangroves predominate, while casuarina and coconut palms grow on the sandy coasts. Rafflesia is also found on the territory of the archipelago – the largest flower in the world (up to 1 meter in diameter) of bright orange color.

Asian animals live on the western islands – elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, orangutan, and on the eastern island of New Guinea – marsupials (echidnas, couscous, tree kangaroo). There are many endemic animals in Indonesia: on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan – the Malayan bear, on Java and Kalimantan – a wild bull, on Sulawesi – a babirus (wild pig). Snakes, crocodiles and lizards are found in tropical forests, on Komodo Island you can meet a giant lizard – Komodo monitor lizard. Birds of paradise, hornbills, cassowaries, various parrots live here. Anchovies, gobies, flying fish, sardines, mackerel, tuna, sharks, stingrays and dolphins are found in the waters washing the archipelago, sometimes sawfish, swordfish and barracuda swim, and in the waters near the island of Bali – sea turtles.

Minerals in Indonesia

In Indonesia, oil and gas fields are being developed, mainly on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan. The country ranks first in the world in exporting natural gas. There are also large reserves of tin, nickel, coal, copper, uranium and iron ore, deposits of manganese, lead, cobalt and phosphorites, in addition, bauxites, gold, silver, diamonds and rubies are mined.

Banks in Indonesia

Banks are open from 8:00 to 15:00 daily, and on Friday – from 8:00 to 11:30. Day off – Saturday and Sunday.

Money in Indonesia

The official currency of Indonesia is the rupiah, which is equal to 100 sen. There are banknotes in circulation in denominations of 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 rupees.

Currency can be exchanged at banks, hotels, airports and large shopping centers. When exchanging US dollars, there may be problems with banknotes issued before 2000. When exchanging banknotes in denominations of 50 and 100 US dollars, the exchange rate is higher than for smaller denominations. Credit cards are accepted for payment in large stores, and in Bali they are accepted everywhere, even in small shops

Rate: 100000 Indonesian Rupiah (IDR) = 6.65 USD

Political State in Indonesia

According to politicsezine, Indonesia is a republic. The head of government is the president, who is elected by direct and secret ballot for a term of 5 years.

Population in Indonesia

As part of the indigenous population, a large number of nationalities stand out – 45% Javanese, 14% Sundi, 8% Madura, there are also Minangkabau, Bataks, Acehnese, Malays, Dayaks, Boogies, Balinese and Papuan peoples, gayos and alases live in mountainous areas. In addition, Chinese, Arabs and Indians live in Indonesia.

The official language of Indonesia is “Bahasa Indonesia” or simply Indonesian, which was formed on the basis of the Malay language. More than 700 dialects are used in different parts of the archipelago. English is widely spoken in the resorts.

Cuisine in Indonesia

Indonesian cuisine has been heavily influenced by Chinese and Indian cuisines. Each area has its own characteristics in cooking methods and ingredients. The cuisine of Java is more familiar to Europeans, the main ingredients of the dishes are vegetables, soybeans, beef, chicken, in Sumatra they consume a lot of beef, in Bali, New Guinea and in the mountainous regions of northern Sulawesi they mainly consume pork.

In general, the basis of all dishes is rice. A variety of pastries are prepared from rice flour, rice is served as a side dish, or with vegetables. In addition to it, legumes, sweet potatoes, cereals, sorghum are widely used. National dishes are fragrant soup “soto” with meat, seasoned with herbs, coconut milk, fried rice with vegetables and meat “nasi goren”, noodles (boiled or fried) “mie goren”, barbecue “sate”, fried chicken in Javanese ” ayam goren”, omelette with walnuts and herbs “wabi”, baked fish in a banana leaf, mashed tuna “president”, baked crabs. All this is abundantly seasoned, the food is quite spicy and spicy. Fresh fruits are consumed in large quantities on the islands. From drinks, sugar cane juice “air tebu”, ginger tea,

Inexpensive, but authentic Indonesian dishes can be tasted in traditional cafes called “warung”.

Cuisine in Indonesia

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