Honduras Energy and Environment Facts

Natural resources, energy and environment

Small amounts of gold, silver, lead and zinc are extracted. There are also unused assets of tin, iron, copper and coal. Wood and charcoal are the most important sources of energy for Hondurans. The country is dependent on imported oil, which in 2012 accounted for about one fifth of imports. Electricity is mainly generated by hydropower.

In an effort to boost the economy after Hurricane Mitch in 1998, tax relief for investments in the mining sector was introduced this year, while environmental legislation deteriorated. The industry received a big boost with great interest from several European and North American mining companies. The law was questioned by several Honduran environmental and indigenous organizations and in 2007 a stop was introduced for foreign investment in mines. Only in early 2013 could new legislation be adopted, with demands for foreign companies to pay slightly more in tax. Criticism from environmental groups and organizations of indigenous people persisted.

  • COUNTRYAAH: Major exports by Honduras with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.

Honduras signed a contract with Chinese company Sinohydro in 2011 to build three hydroelectric power plants in the Patuca River, the first of which would start operating in 2014 and the third to be completed in 2020. The project caused major protests among the indigenous people in the areas. The building was delayed in 2013 after the protests led to violent confrontations between the military and members of indigenous peoples (see Current policy).

  • Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, HN stands for Honduras. Visit itypeusa for more information about Honduras.

More than 40 percent of the country was covered by forest in 2011, compared with two-thirds in 1990. Although deforestation has decreased since the 1990s, more than two percent of forest area is estimated to be lost each year. Deforestation has led to increased soil degradation. The mangrove swamp in Fonseca Bay has been damaged by being exploited for shrimp cultivation.


Energy use per person

673 kilos of oil equivalent (2014)

Electricity consumption per person

697 kilowatt hours, kWh (2014)

Carbon dioxide emissions in total

9 472 thousand tonnes (2014)

Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant

1.1 tonnes (2014)

The share of energy from renewable sources

51.5 percent (2015)



Court annuls laws

The Supreme Court declares two newly enacted laws invalid. They reject a law that would force all police officers to undergo lie detector and drug tests with the risk of dismissal without due process if they fail the tests. The second law concerns the introduction of tax-free zones in cities that could be purchased by private companies with the right to introduce their own legislation. Both the government and members of the Nationalist Party in the National Congress, including Presidential candidate Juan Orlando Hernández, react with anger to the decision. Although the Constitution prohibits it, the four members of the court dismiss it. In the vote, the congress is surrounded by soldiers. In February 2013, Congress voted again for the laws.


Candidates are appointed for presidential elections

Primary elections will be held before the presidential elections in November 2013. As expected, Libre appoints Zelaya’s wife Xiomara Castro de Zelaya as her candidate. Within the Liberal Party, Mauricio Villeda is appointed, while the nationalists elect Juan Orlando Hernández.


Soldiers on city buses

In another attempt to curb widespread violence, the authorities decide that two soldiers should be present on all city buses in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula. In this way, the police should be better at patrolling the streets. The buses are often subjected to gang attacks that rob the passengers and the driver. The military has previously supported the police in street patrols.

New shooting in the land conflict

A lawyer who represented landless peasants in the ongoing land conflicts in Bajo Aguán was shot dead. In the hours before the murder, Attorney Antonio Trejo had participated in a TV debate in which he criticized the government’s plans to transfer to private stakeholders to manage entire cities, including control of police and taxes (see Modern History).


The Air Force commander is fired

The Air Force commander may depart after two civilian aircraft were shot down off the coast of Honduras due to suspected interference in drug smuggling. As a result of the downturn, in July, the United States also ceases to share its radar tensions.


Agreement with the EU

The EU and the Central American states sign an association agreement.

A new corruption commission is appointed

President Lobo appoints a new commission with the task of investigating corruption in the judiciary and the police. Shortly thereafter, six senior police officers are dismissed.


TV journalist murdered

TV journalist Alfredo Villatoro is found murdered after being kidnapped for a week. The country’s journalists carry out nationwide protests against the violence against journalists. Since the coup, more than 20 journalists have now lost their lives and the country is considered one of the most dangerous for the media to operate in.


Many dead in land conflict

The land occupations in Bajo Aguán continue and the conflict is becoming more bloody. Military patrols the area and 47 people are reported to have been killed in confrontations between farmers on the one hand and security forces and private security companies on the other.


Fire disaster in prison

A fire in a prison outside Tegucigalpa requires 355 prisoners’ lives. The fire disaster draws the world’s attention to overcrowded prisons in the country, just weeks after a UN report that Honduras has the world’s highest homicide rate (see Social Conditions) raised questions about the state in the country.

Honduras Energy and Environment Facts

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