History of Wyoming

In the year 1743, the brothers François and Louis Joseph de la Vénrendrye, from Canada, were the first men of European origin who gave news of the exploration of these territories. The present state of Wyoming was divided and administered by several countries. The region east of the Rocky Mountains was part of the French province of Louisiana which was administered by Spain starting in 1763 after the signing of the Treaty of Paris. France re-appropriated its ancient province in 1800 and later sold it to the United States, (an operation formalized in 1803 by President Thomas Jefferson, known as the Louisiana Purchase). The western region of the Rocky Mountains belonged to Spain, as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This region was part of Mexico starting in 1821. In 1836, after the independence of Texas, a small part of Wyoming was administered by this new state. The rest of the territory, still in the hands of Mexico, was ceded to the United States in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which put an end to the war between Mexico and the United States. A small part of the present state of Wyoming was part of the Oregon territory that Britain ceded to the United States. Wyoming was a territory created as a result of the expansion of American colonists westward.

Colonization of Wyoming was slow. Between 1806 and 1807, the trader John Colter, who was part of the Lewis and Clark expedition charged with exploring the regions west of Virginia, traversed the northern region of the state. Years later, in 1812, Robert Stuart from Oregon discovered a route that allowed him to cross the Rocky Mountains from Wyoming. This route, known as the South Pass, marked the beginning of the occupation of the land, although the first permanent settlement was not established until 1834, when Fort Laramie began to be built. In the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains three of the great routes of the migration of settlers to the territories of the west: the Mormon Trail, the Oregon Trail and the California Trail. The rest of the territory was explored by John Frémont and Kit Carson around 1842.

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With the discovery of gold in California, thousands of miners, settlers and adventurers crossed the lands of Wyoming, and some of them settled in the territory. The key moment, however, in the colonization of these lands was the construction of the railway from 1867 by the Unión Pacific Railroal. The importance of the railroad led the United States Congress to create the territory of Wyoming, the first step towards its future admission as a state of the Union. Wyoming was from the beginning the pioneer state in advocating women’s equality, as it was the first state to approve women’s right to vote, the first state where a woman had the right to vote.

The colonization of the territory encountered serious difficulties due to the natural opposition of the Indian tribes to cede their lands to farmers. In 1890 Wyoming was admitted to the Union. A year later, conflicts between large ranchers and small farmers culminated in the so-called Johnson County War (1891-1892), as a result of the murder by gunmen of two farmers accused of stealing cattle. The conflict was resolved with the dispatch of federal troops.

Wyoming’s economy initially depended on breeding, as much cattle as sheep. With the discovery of deposits of oil, coal, natural gas and uranium in the twentieth century, he transformed the mining sector into one of the pillars of the state’s development. Nearly half of Wyoming’s territory is under federal management of mineral resource control, and protected forest areas, such as Yellowstone, Devils Towers, and Grand Teton National Parks, which attract thousands of tourists each year..

Wyoming: places to visit

Tourist and Cultural Places – The most important art institutions in this state are the Cheyenne Symphony Orchestra, the Casper Civic Symphony and the Cheyenne Choral Society. The most important museums in the state are the following: the Buffalo Bill Museum, the Prairie Indian Museum and the Winchester Museum in the city of Cody, the Wyoming Pioneer Museum in Douglas, and the University of Mexico Geological Museum. Wyoming, in Laramie. Other places of historical and cultural interest are the Laramie, Bridger, Fetterman and Caspar forts. There are two major national parks in Wyoming, Yellowstone, and Grand Teton.

The Yellowstone National Park, is among the great wonders of the world there is certainly this park, straddling Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. It is composed of a volcanic plateau, in which there are more than 10,000 hot springs and geysers.

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Grand Teton National Park — The most rugged and spectacular peaks in the world are those found in the Grand Teton. The Silvery Peaks rise nearly 1600m above the Snake River Valley.

The most impressive are the Grand Teton and Mount Moran. Jenny Lake is the most beautiful of six lakes in the national park. Only a boat rental point and a few huts indicate the presence of man. Four other pristine lakes, Leigh, Bradley, Taggart and Phelps, open lonely in the mountains. Although the territory is crossed by an asphalted road, the presence of man is very discreet in every point. Jackson Lake, the largest of the six lakes that lines the road between Yellowstone and Grand Teton, is fed by streams and the great Snake River. The visitor center of the national park is also located here. Since 1906 the huge lake has been bordered by a dam.

Devil’s Tower National Monument — Devil’s Tower is a flat volcanic cone that looks like a huge tree stump. This unmistakable geological formation is located in the far north-east of Wyoming in a scenic location on the Belle Fourche River. Devil’s Tower (or Bear’s Lodge) is a sacred place of worship for many Native American tribes.

Guernsey — This town contains many places of historical interest. Just south of the city there are two of the most evident evidences of the migrations of the pioneers to the west, along the regon Trail. The most important historical site in Guernsey is the Fort Laramie National Historic Site, a reconstruction of an army trapper and cavalry outpost.

Curiosity– Wyoming is famous for its popular fairs and, above all, for rodeos. Among them, those held during the summer in Douglas and Laramie, and especially those that take place in the city of Cheyenne during the fair called ” Frontier Days “, of great tradition since it has been organized since 1897.

Wyoming State Flag

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