History of Nebraska

The territory currently occupied by the state of Nebraska was claimed by the Spaniards and the French during the 16th and 17th centuries, although it was not assigned to anyone until the beginning of the 18th century when the French prepared an expedition to learn about the resources of this region.. At that time, France had managed to have its rights recognized in these lands that formed part of its province of Louisiana. In 1762, France ceded the part of Louisiana that included Nebraska to Spain, a country that administered it until 1800 when Napoleon Bonaparte was able to regain possession of it. Eventually, Napoleon accepted the offer of the United States government, led by Thomas Jefferson for the sale of Louisiana.

Once part of the United States, Congress organized numerous expeditions to explore the lands beyond Virginia. The first of these expeditions was led by Lewis and Clark, who between 1804 and 1806 and entered the territory of Nebraska. Later expeditions were those of Zebulon Pike (1806), Stephen Long, 1819-1920, and John Frémont (1838-1839). The first settlement of European origin in Nebraska, Fort Lisa, near Omaha, was founded in 1812 by a Spanish merchant, Manuel Lisa, owner of the Missouri Fur Company.

Colonization in Nebraska was banned from 1834 by the Indian Intercourse Act which recognized the Great Prairies as Indian territory. However, in 1854 the United States Congress changed its initial decision and prepared the Kansas-Nebraska Act which allowed the settlement of white settlers in the Nebraska Territory. In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act, a law that aimed to promote the colonization of this territory, assigning land to anyone who decided to build farms on the prairies. The Union Pacific’s decision to begin construction of railway lines west from the city of Omaha accelerated its integration into the Union.

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Nebraska was from the very beginning of its colonization an enormously dependent state on agricultural activities. Between the years 1870 and 1890 agriculture, the basis of its economy, was hit by droughts, some very serious. Furthermore, the end of the First World War produced severe effects on the Nebraska economy due to the drastic drop in demand for its products (when European countries resumed production after the war), and the high debt suffered by many farmers who had stipulated. loans in order to acquire land to meet the demand of the European markets. The great economic depression of the 1930s caused the government to create projects to carry out public works, especially irrigation, to be able to contain the effects of the crisis. The explosion of the Second World War was the turning point for the Nebraska economy, not only because, as happened in the previous conflict, it became a supplier of agricultural and livestock products, but also because in those years the exploitation of various oil fields began. Since 1948, the headquarters of the United States Strategic Air Command have been located in Omaha.

Nebraska: places of tourist interest

Omaha – When visiting Omaha you cannot miss a walk in the restored warehouse district called Old Market, here you can find excellent restaurants, bars and shops. A few blocks south is the city’s main landmark, the 1931 Union Station. Refurbished, it is now home to the Durham Western Heritage Museum, a local history museum, with sections devoted to the Omaha railroad and transportation history in the area. Just west of downtown is the pink marble home of the Smithsonian-affiliated Joslyn Art Museum, the spearhead of Omaha’s cultural offering. North of downtown, the Great Plains, Black History Museum tells the little-known story of the migration and settlement of African Americans on the great plains.

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Chadronis the starting point for exploring the Pine Ridge and Sandhills regions. About 5 km east of the city is the Museum of the Fur Trade. Built in 1833-49 on the spot where an exchange office of the American Fur Company once stood. The area’s most historic site is Fort Robinson State Park, west of Crawford, itself 37km west of Chadron. The park occupies the courtyard, dormitories, and officers’ quarters of the US Army fort of the same name. Chadron State Park, 13km south of Chadron, with campsites and overnight accommodation in cabins. Hiking and biking trails start from the park and run along the ridge of the 370km-long Pine Ridge Escarpment.

Tourist and cultural places– The most important cultural institutions are the Nebraska State Historical Museum, the Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, the Prairie Pioneer Stuhr Museum, the High Plains Museum, the Fur Trade Museum, the Hastings Museum and the Museum of Joslyn art. Nebraska has some places of historical and cultural interest, many of which are linked to the colonization of the territory and the migration of settlers to the western territories. Among these parks and museums, Harold Warp’s City of Pioneers, the Fort Robinson Military Museum and the Pony Express Station.

8 state parks, 9 historic state parks, 12 federal areas, and 55 recreational areas are major tourist attractions; fishing, swimming, picnicking and tourism are the main activities. Nebraska’s most visited tourist sites in 2002 were: Omaha Henry Doorly Zoo, Eugene T. Mahoney State Park, Lake McConaughy Recreation Area, Fort Robinson State Park.

Nebraska State Flag

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