The territory currently occupied by the state of Alabama was inhabited by Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian tribes. The first expedition to Alabama was that of Hernando de Soto, in 1540, who faced the Indians in the battle of Maubila. In that battle, according to reports, about 2,500 Indians were killed. Bazar Guido explored the coast in 1558, but it was Tristan de Luna who attempted to create the first permanent settlement in Mobile Bay.
More than a century later, in 1701, it was the French who entered the territory to create Fort Louis de la Mobile. France consolidated the colony center of Louisiana in Mobile, the colony’s capital in 1722 moved to New Orleans. The strategic port of Mobile, and the inland areas of Alabama, were coveted by the French, Spanish and British. Therefore, in 1763 the British managed to conquer, with the Treaty of Paris (which ended the Seven Years War), the lands of Alabama, as part of western Florida, one of the two provinces into which the former Spanish colony was divided. of Florida. During the American Revolution, Spain took Mobile and after the Declaration of Independence of the Thirteen Colonies, ceded to the United States in 1783. In 1789 the territory was part of the so-called Mississippi Territory, administered by the United States Congress. In 1813 the Creek Indians revolted but were defeated by Andrew Jackson at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, this triumph giving Jackson prestige in his run to the presidency of the United States.
- See ejiaxing.org for Alabama state facts, including geography, climate, flora and fauna as well as major cities.
In August 1819, Alabama adopted a constitution to be able to become a state, and on December 14 of the same year it was admitted as the twenty-second state of the Union. The capital of Alabama was established in Huntsville, but in 1820 it was moved to Cahaba, and in 1826 to Tuscaloosa. The economy of this era was based on agriculture and livestock, however political disputes were frequent between the small farmers of the hills who lived from the cultivation of corn, vegetables, and the breeding of cattle, cattle and pigs, and the owners of the southern cotton plantations who had managed to take advantage of the benefits of the fertile lands of the valley, an area known as the Black Belt, or Black Belt, and river communications. Although only 1% of the white settlers owned the large plantations and controlled state policy. on January 11, 1861, Alabama declared itself part of the confederacy, and invited the other Southern states to send delegates to the Montgomery convention. On February 8, 1861, the Confederate States of America were created, with Montgomery as its capital, but in May 1861 it was moved to Richmond, Virginia. and invited the other Southern states to send delegates to the Montgomery convention. On February 8, 1861, the Confederate States of America were created, with Montgomery as its capital, but in May 1861 it was moved to Richmond, Virginia. and invited the other Southern states to send delegates to the Montgomery convention. On February 8, 1861, the Confederate States of America were created, with Montgomery as its capital, but in May 1861 it was moved to Richmond, Virginia.
- See itypemba.com to learn specific information about Alabama history.
The largest battle that was fought in Alabama during the civil war was in 1864 when Admiral David G. Farragut attacked Mobile Bay. A year later, federal troops devastated Tuscaloosa, Selam and Montgomery. After the war, Alabama rejoined the Union on June 25, 1868. The post-war reconstruction period lasted eight years. However, the end of the war marked the decline of cities in the south (Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville and Tuscaloosa) and the rise of new cities to the north, thanks to the mining riches of Jones Valley and the construction of the railway. Already at the end of the nineteenth century, Birmingham, which arose after the war, it became the most important city in the state and in 1920 was the third most industrialized city in the southern United States. The First World War was able to stimulate the industry of Alabama, thanks to its mineral wealth and the activity of its port, strategically located on the Gulf of Mexico. The Great Depression that followed Black Thursday of 1929 severely affected the economy of Alabama and in particular the industrial district of Birmingham. To counter its effects, Franklin Delano Roosevelt approved the Tennessee Valley Authority project which was intended to provide electricity to northern Alabama, which succeeded in revitalizing the industry.
The entry of the United States into World War II had a tremendous effect on the development of the state’s industry and the operation of its port and shipyards. After the war, in 1946 Jim Folsom was elected governor, who tried to implement a progressive populist policy with the alliance of the most disadvantaged classes both black and white. Years later, in 1960 during Governor George C. Wallace’s campaign, he promised that racial segregation would continue, despite the strong pressure being put on in the rest of the country to carry out civil rights reform. In front of this position, Martin Luther King in 1963 led the protest to boycott the public transit system in Montgomery, which maintained a separate seating system for whites and blacks. The incarceration of Martin Luther King and the televised images of the brutal repression of the Birmingham police accelerated the discussion of the Civil Rights Act in 1965 which effectively ended legal segregation in the United States.
In 1982, Oscar Adams was elected a judge of the Supreme Court of the state of Alabama, thus becoming the first black to hold office in this category for Alabama. Since 1980, many blacks have been elected sheriffs, congressmen, and mayors in major cities in Alabama, including Birmingham.