First Impressions of Philippines

Here Asia smiles. The country of 7107 islands, in the middle of the Pacific, is in fact still a travel destination that presents itself to the visitor in an intoxicating palette of exotic charms and the beauty of a fairytale South Seas landscape. The island state can be divided into three geographical areas: Luzon with Mindoro and Palawan in the north, where the capital Manila is located, the Visayas in the center with Cebu as the largest city and Mindanao in the south. More than 7000 islands, of which only about 2000 are inhabited. The island world of the Philippines is varied and diverse: Different cultural influences as well as the rich and colorful tradition of the Philippines combine with the friendliness of the people to create a way of life that makes traveling so pleasant. Especially divers like to travel here, because they can discover a unique underwater microcosm of animals of all shapes and sizes. The Philippine reefs have the world’s greatest diversity of fish, crab and coral species. The Filipinos are an incredibly hospitable and cosmopolitan people. Everywhere you are greeted friendly, with a hearty “Mabuhay”! Wonderful varied landscapes, long coastlines with incredibly fine sandy beaches, good hotels guarantee pleasant holidays.

The Philippines is about 7 times the size of Switzerland and has about 11 times as many inhabitants. The population is of Malay-Polynesian origin and the majority is Roman Catholic. In 1521 Fernando Magellan arrived in the Philippines in the service of the Spanish king and brought the country, with the exception of the Islamic south, under Spanish control. After the Spanish-American War, the Americans ruled the Philippines from 1898 until the Japanese occupied the islands during World War II. Recent history is characterized by the fight against the misery of drugs and the ever-flaring resistance struggles of Moros, who live in the south and are influenced by Islam.

Geography

According to topmbadirectory, the Philippines is an archipelago in Southeast Asia consisting of 7,641 islands with a total area of ​​approximately 300,000 km². The territory that the island nation claims is located around 800 km east of the Southeast Asian peninsula, south of Taiwan and north of the island of Borneo.

Climate

The climate of the Philippines is mainly characterized by its proximity to the sea, because no place is more than 200 km away from the coast. The climate of the Philippines can be described as mostly tropical and subtropical in the higher elevations of the mountains. Snow occasionally falls on Pulag Mountain during the cold season. The average annual temperature in the Philippines is given as 26.5 °C. The effective climate classification of the Philippines is characterized as tropical climates in the system developed by Wladimir Peter Köppen.

Climate change

The Philippines is considered to be one of the countries that will be most affected by the impacts of anthropogenic climate change. According to the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, in 2011 the Philippines ranked third on the global probability scale for natural disasters. The country ranks tenth for the likelihood of climate change-related threats to biodiversity and population, again globally, and it ranks fifth among the countries most likely to be affected by sea level rise.

Environmental Protection

The Philippines are among the megadiverse countries of the world, in which, in addition to a very large variety of species and biodiversity, there are a very large number of endemic species, genera and families of plants and animals and, moreover, diverse ecosystems are present. Due to the endangerment of this diversity, the entire Philippines are also considered a biodiversity hotspot on land and water. However, rapid population growth and the associated settlement pressure lead to the overexploitation of natural resources. The state of the Philippine environment has deteriorated so badly that the government has responded with tough environmental laws. Of these, Republic Law 7586, also known as the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS), is the most demanding to enforce. A total of around 35,000 km² of the area of ​​the Philippines has been designated as nature protection areas according to the guidelines of the NIPAS law. Of these, around 21,300 km² are terrestrial and 12,700 km² are marine protection zones.

Population

The total population was 92,337,852 according to the 2010 census. The population exceeded 100 million in 2015. The high population growth in recent decades was mainly caused by the high fertility rate, which has only started to fall in recent years and was still 3.1 children per woman in 2015. One explanation for this is that the Catholic Church in the Philippines opposes population control. The population is very young and on average 23.4 years old (as of 2016). Some islands of the Philippines are among the most densely populated areas in the world and the population continues to grow at around 2 million people per year.

Languages

Spanish (Filipino Spanish) was the island nation’s first official language and remained so for more than three centuries. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, it became the lingua franca, a common language for the entire Philippines. In 1863, a Spanish decree introduced universal education, with public schools providing instruction in the Spanish language. Spanish was also the language of the Philippine Revolution and the resulting Malolos Constitution of 1899, which established Spanish as the official language of the First Philippine Republic. National hero Jose Rizal wrote most of his works in Spanish, which was used as a first, second or third language by 60% of the population in the early 20th century.

First Impressions of Philippines

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