Religion in Egypt
The state religion is Islam (Sunni), about 10% of the population are Christians (Copts).
Transport in Egypt
The most convenient and inexpensive form of transport in Cairo and other small cities in Egypt is a fixed-route taxi. The fare is usually £1 per person one way. But it is better to immediately negotiate the price with the driver. In Cairo, there is a metro, a developed network of railways. Air travel within Egypt will cost significantly more than travel by land.
In Egypt, you can easily rent a car: from small cars to large jeeps. But this is not recommended due to the poor discipline on the roads, which local drivers willingly demonstrate, especially in Cairo.
In order to rent a car, it is enough to meet three conditions:
age – at least 25 years old, a credit card or cash deposit and a driver’s license issued at least a year ago.
Plant and Animal World in Egypt
Many areas of Egypt are completely devoid of soil cover, especially the western ones, where mobile and semi-fixed sands and rocky surfaces predominate. On the Mediterranean coast, the flora is richer. In the Nile Valley and in the delta, “the breadbasket of Egypt”, every square meter of land is used to the maximum. Wheat, barley, buckwheat, rice, corn, cotton, sugar cane, vegetables, olives and spices are cultivated here. Forests are completely absent, but date palms grow along the banks of the Nile. Fruit trees, banana plantations and vines thrive in the oases and the Nile Delta.
In the Nile Delta and in its valley, papyrus grows, date and other types of palms are found. The natural vegetation in the Nile Valley and in the oases has been supplanted by cultural (cereals, cotton, date palm plantations).
The fauna of Egypt is poor. Only the fauna of birds, both nesting and arriving for the winter from Europe, is the most diverse. The world of birds is represented by vultures and other birds of prey, herons and hoopoes. Under the threat of extinction is the falcon – a symbol of power on the coats of arms of the Arab countries and the earthly incarnation of the god Horus. The falcon is depicted on the national flag of Egypt.
But the real master of Egypt is considered to be a formidable and very dangerous Nile crocodile. The ancient Egyptians worshiped the Nile crocodile as one of the most powerful gods. At present, the banks of the Egyptian Nile are no longer teeming with crocodiles; this magnificent animal has become a rarity in Africa.
There are many reptiles in the deserts (snakes – Egyptian cobra, Cleopatra’s snake, sand snakes, efa, gyurza; lizards – monitor lizards, geckos, agamas) and insects. From mammals there are jackal, hyena, fox, wild boar, mongoose, bats, small rodents. The waters of the Nile are rich in fish (Nile perch, tiger fish, catfish, etc.). In the Katerin Reserve on the Sinai Peninsula, there are sand gazelle and Sinai leopard. In the Wadi Rishrash reserve (near Cairo), the Nubian ibex is under protection.
Minerals in Egypt
The country has oil reserves (they are located near the Suez Canal), but on a global scale, Egypt does not occupy a leading position in its production.
Banks in Egypt
Banking hours: from 8.30 to 14.00, some until 20:00, exchange offices at airports – around the clock, Friday and Saturday – days off. Banks accept all types of currencies, checks, major credit cards.
Money in Egypt
The national currency is the Egyptian pound.
The pound is divided into 100 piastres. Local money has the following denominations: Egyptian pounds banknotes: 100, 20, 10, 5.1; piastres banknotes: 50, 25; coins: 20,10,5. Egyptian pounds are freely exchanged for dollars and other convertible currencies in banks, hotels, exchange offices, airports. There is no need to submit documents. Street changers should be avoided! No exchange fee is charged.
Rate: 100 Egyptian Pound (EGP) = 5.12 USD
Political State in Egypt
According to politicsezine, Egypt is a presidential republic. The legislative body of the republic is a single-member parliament (People’s Assembly) consisting of 392 deputies, of which 382 are elected by direct elections, and 10 are appointed by the president.
The country is divided into 25 administrative divisions (governances).
Population in Egypt
The population of Egypt is 74.71 million people, 98% Egyptians (Egyptian Arabs), as well as Nubians, Berbers, etc. Urban population 43.9%
The official language is Arabic.