Cuba Geography

Travel climate in Cuba

Best travel time: November to April

Havana (northwest) Min Temperature ° C Max Temperature ° C Hours of sunshine / day Rainy days
Jan 17 26 4 2
Feb 17 27 4 3
March 18 28 6 2
Apr 19 30 6 3
May 21 31 5 4
Jun 32 32 4 7
Jul 23 32 5 6
Aug 23 32 4 6
Sept 23 31 4 6
Oct 22 30 3 7
Nov 19 28 3 4
Dec 18 27 3 4
Varadero (north) Min Temperature ° C Max Temperature ° C Hours of sunshine / day Rainy days
Jan 28 6 4 2
Feb 18 27 5 3
March 19 26 8 2
Apr 20 29 6 3
May 21 30 6 4
June 23 31 4 7
July 23 31 6 6
Aug 23 32 5 6
Sep 23 31 4 6
Oct 22 29 4 7
Nov 20 27 3 4
Dec 19 27 3 4
Playa Paraiso (south) Min Temperature ° C Max Temperature ° C Hours of sunshine / day Rainy days
Jan 18 26 4 2
Feb 18 26 4 3
March 19 28 6 2
Apr 20 29 5 3
May 21 30 5 4
June 23 31 4 7
July 23 31 5 6
Aug 23 32 4 6
Sept 23 31 3 6
Oct 22 29 3 7
Nov 20 27 3 4
Dec 19 27 3 4

The climate in Cuba is tropical and warm. From May to October it is mostly rainy, the drier season refers to November to April. Every year from June to November tropical cyclones form over the Atlantic, of which Cuba is not spared. Severe hurricane storms often cause severe damage in Cuba, but there are seldom fatalities because the early warning systems work extremely well. The average temperature in Cuba is between 26-32 ° C all year round, with May to September being the hottest months.

  • Visit listofusnewspapers for mass media including newspaper and culture in Cuba. Also check smber for agriculture and fishing facts of Cuba.

Flora and fauna in Cuba

The original vegetation in Cuba included extensive rain-green wet forests, savannas and mixed forests, which were largely destroyed by deforestation for agricultural use (especially the creation of large sugar cane and coffee plantations) and for shipbuilding. Nevertheless, the vegetation in Cuba is very lush with around 8,000 plant species (including around 700 different orchids). Mangroves can be found on the coasts, and in the interior there is the up to 40 m high royal palm, one of around 300 species of palm that can be found on the island. Occasionally there are still pine-oak forests and remnants of evergreen rainforest on the inaccessible mountain slopes of the Sierren in the south of the country. Afforestation measures are showing initial successes in the forest.

The bird life of the island’s fauna is particularly rich in species, the number of species is estimated at around 300. In addition to many migratory birds, these include the Cuban Amazon, the Cuban Parakeet and the Aura Tiñosa, a special species of vulture. Numerous edible fish and over 30 different shark species live in the fish-rich coastal waters. The main reptiles are caimans, iguanas and snakes; Crocodiles are bred on state animal farms.

Flora in Cuba

National parks and nature conservation

The island state of Cuba has several national parks where nature lovers get their money’s worth:

  • Peninsula de Zapata: a large wetland that was declared a national park years ago (Parque Nacional Ciénega de Zapata)
  • Pinares de Mayari National Park: Located about 39 minutes from Mayari and encloses around 54 square kilometers
  • Escaleras de Jaruco National Park: A relatively new park that offers city visitors to Havana a welcome change.
  • Valle de Vinales National Park: This area is located in the Organ Mountains and is characterized by the many Kegelkartst rocks, also known as elephant humps
  • Topes de Colantes National Park: This protected landscape area is located in the mountainous region of Sierra des Escambray
  • Sierra Maestra National Park: 12 kilometers behind the village of Bartolomé Maso
  • National Park Peninsula de Guancanahibes: A peninsula of around 500 km2 in western Cuba
  • Alejandro de Humbold National Park: named after the German researcher and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO

Medical advice

For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Cuba and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health

Travel advice for Cuba

You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Cuba from the Federal Foreign Office.

Foreign missions in Cuba

Embassy of the Republic of Cuba

Stavangerstr. 20, 10439 Berlin

Phone: +49 (0) 30-44719658

Phone: +49 (0) 30-44718949

E-Mail: [email protected]

www.cubatravel.cu

www.autenticacuba.com

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany

Embajada de la República Federal de Alemania, Apartado 6610, La Habana, Cuba. +53 7 833 24 60, +53 7 833 25 39, +53 7 833 25 69

[email protected]

http: //www.havanna.diplo. de

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