Religion in in Chile
The church in Chile is separated from the state, but only 6% of the population are atheists, 80% are adherents of the Roman Catholic Church, 13% are Protestants, and there are Jews.
Transport in Chile
The best way to get to Chile is by plane, but you will have to make several transfers. The main international airport Arturo Merino Benitez is located 26 km from Santiago.
Intercity communication in Chile is represented by buses and trains. These modes of transport are comfortable and inexpensive. Inside the cities, it is best to travel by taxi. There is a subway in Santiago. It is open on weekdays and Saturdays from 6:30 to 22:30, and on Sundays and holidays from 8:00 to 22:30.
In order to rent a car, you must be over 21 years old, have a passport, an international driver’s license and a credit card.
Plant and Animal World in in Chile
There is practically no vegetation in the Atacama Desert. Ephemeral grasses and resinous perennials are sometimes found, and feather grass grows on the hills.
In the coastal regions of the central part of Chile, xerophytic vegetation, shrubs and turf grasses dominate, to the south, in conditions of greater moisture, a deciduous forest of southern beech, coniferous and laurel grows. Alpine deserts are located in the mountains, and the Longitudinal Valley is occupied by arable land and gardens.
Ferns, mosses and dwarf trees predominate in the area of the Strait of Magellan and on the island of Tierra del Fuego.
Of the animals, the most common are the llama, alpaca, vicuña, puma, guanaco, wolf, deer and chinchilla.
Minerals in in Chile
Copper ore is mined in the Andes, table salt, sodium nitrate and iodine salts are mined in the foothills, in addition, coal, iron ore, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten, zinc and aluminum are mined.
Banks in in Chile
Banks are open on weekdays from 09:00 to 14:00, and exchange offices – until 19:00 daily.
Money in in Chile
The monetary unit of Chile is the Chilean peso. 1 Chilean peso is equal to 100 centavos. In circulation there are denominations of 20000, 10000, 5000, 2000 and 1000 pesos and coins of 500, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 pesos.
In large shops, restaurants and hotels in the main tourist centers, you can pay with credit cards. Traveler’s checks are best purchased in US dollars and can be exchanged at banks or exchange offices.
Rate: 1000 Chilean Peso (CLP) = 1.42 USD
Political State in in Chile
According to politicsezine, Chile is a republic. The head of state and government is the president. The highest legislative body is the bicameral National Congress.
Population in in Chile
The main part of the country’s population are Chileans. This nation was formed due to the mixing of Indians and immigrants from Europe. Of the Indian tribes, the Araucans and Aymars now live here, and the Rapanui people inhabit Easter Island. The most diverse population is on the southern islands – Germans, French, Basques, Irish, Croats, Yugoslavs and Russians meet here.
The official language of Chile is Spanish. Local Indians speak their own dialects, but can speak Spanish. In tourist areas, English and German are spoken.
Cuisine in in Chile
Chilean cuisine is distinguished by the abundant addition of garlic, pepper to dishes and the presence of vegetables in almost every one of them. The first is usually served with various versions of the “cazuela” stew, the ingredients of which are not cut, but put whole; thick soup “curanto” from fish, poultry, pork, lamb, beef and potatoes; soup of seafood and white wine “mariscal”, as well as an exotic soup of sea urchins.
Very diverse vegetable dishes, which are based on corn. It’s a stew of vegetables “saltado”; corn porridge; pastel de choclo corn casserole; corn tortillas and tortillas; boiled corn with spices “humitas”.
From meat dishes, you should try “lomo a la pobre” (a piece of beef with two fried eggs and fried potatoes); stew with vegetables “locro”; steak with potatoes, onions and egg “beef-a-la-pobre”; steak “Santa Carolina”; grilled liver with parillada sausage; corn tortillas stuffed with churasco meat and beef tenderloin with maltado spices.
Seafood dishes are widespread in coastal areas, the most specific of which are “manchas a la parmesan” (shells baked in cheese) and huge lobsters from the Juan Fernandez Islands. Desserts are usually fruit and pies with fruit filling.
The traditional national drink of Chile is mate tea, in addition, they drink freshly squeezed juices. From alcoholic drinks, brandy-based pisco liquor can be distinguished, which is served with lemon juice, powdered sugar, beaten egg white or Coca-Cola and plenty of ice and world-famous Chilean wines.