The official name is the Hellenic Republic (since 1974). Greece is the cradle of European science, art, culture, philosophy and ethics, now a developed European state, where majestic ancient monuments coexist with modern buildings. The Greeks are very sensitive to their history, many ancient traditions and rituals have been preserved to this day. Greece gave the world the Olympic Games and democracy. Currently, it is one of the world’s best resorts with magnificent beaches and healing mineral springs. Modern Greece is an industrial-agrarian state, the predominant areas of the economy are the textile, food and tobacco industries. Heavy industry, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical and oil refining industries are developing in the country. Despite their relatively small size, the country has one of the world’s largest maritime fleets (156 ports). Greece is included in the list of countries that have signed the Schengen Agreement.
Geography of Greece
According to Smber, Greece is the southernmost European state, located in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, washed by the Mediterranean Sea, including the Aegean, Ionian and Libyan. Most of the territory of Greece (about 20%) is an archipelago of about 2,000 islands. The landscape is predominantly mountainous, rocky. The population lives in the valleys. The highest point is Mount Olympus (2917 m). Plains dominate mainly on the west coast. The largest islands are Crete and Euboea. Border states: in the northeast – Turkey, in the north – Albania, Bulgaria and Macedonia.
The area of the country is 132.000 sq. km.
About 11.3 million people live in Greece.
The official currency is Euro.
Official language – Greek (Indo-European group)
Greece has three climatic zones according to regions: Mediterranean, temperate and alpine. In the southern regions and on the islands, the climate is Mediterranean with dry summers and mild winters, the velvet season is September-October. Athens is located in the zone of transition from the Mediterranean to the temperate climate, the mountainous regions are characterized by an alpine climate.
220V/50Hz. Eurostandard sockets (type C). There are sockets of types D, E, F.
98% of the population of Greece profess Greek Orthodoxy (Eastern Orthodox Church of Christ).