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Wisconsin, abbreviated WI and Wis., Is a state in the United
States in the Midwest, west of Lake Michigan. The state has a total area of
145,436 km2 and has 5,795,483 residents (US Census, 2017). The
capital is Madison.
The name Wisconsin is an ojibwa- language name, formerly spelled Ouisconsin
and Misconsing, 'grassy place' or 'ummot'. The state is also known as The
Badger State, the ' Badger State '.
The northern part belongs to the Canadian bedrock shield. The southwestern
part has not been iced, but otherwise Wisconsin is a rolling plain with
heavy masses of mass and many lakes and marshes. The majority have drains
through the Wisconsin River, Chippewa and other bees to the Mississippi, forming
the western boundary. The climate is continental : Madison has an average
temperature of 23 °C in July, –8 °C in January and 790 mm of rainfall.
Of the population, 81.3 percent are white, 6.7 percent African American, 6.9
percent Hispanic, 2.9 percent Asian and 1.2 percent indigenous (US Census,
2017). The state is dominated by Germans and Scandinavians, with strong islets
of Polish and British settlement.
70.2 percent of the population lives in cities (2010). The major cities
are Milwaukee, the capital Madison, Green Bay, Kenosha and Racine. The largest
institution of higher education is the University of Wisconsin (founded 1849)
with its headquarters in Madison and 26 branches elsewhere in the state. The
most important denominations are Catholics and Protestants.
Wisconsin sends two senators and eight representatives to the federal
congress in Washington DC.
The production of dairy products is greater than in any other state, and the
agricultural cooperation is well developed. Corn, oats and hay are especially
grown; moreover, potatoes, wheat, tobacco, barley, vegetables and berries. The
number of farms has decreased and the size has increased in recent years; about
30 percent of the area is cultivated land.
Large parts of the northern areas are covered by forests; Wood species such
as spruce and birch provide the basis for an extensive sawmill and wood
processing industry. The heavy industry is well developed, with significant
machinery and brewery industry in the Milwaukee area. Otherwise, the food and
electrotechnical industry dominates. The main mining products are sand, gravel,
building stone, marble and zinc. A number of ports on the Great Lakes
are approached by seagoing ships through the St. Lawrence Seaway. Large tourist
traffic, especially by hunters and anglers.
Wisconsin was visited by French traders and missionaries from 1634. The area
was surrendered to the United Kingdom in 1763. In 1783 it came to the United
States and became part of the Northwest Territory that Congress created in 1787.
In 1836, Wisconsin was organized as its own territory, before it became occupied
in the Union as the 30th State in 1848.
The state then experienced significant growth, not least due to immigration
from Germany and Scandinavia. Wisconsin has emerged as
a liberal and progressive state politically and was the center of
the Progressive Party during the interwar period.