Abbreviationfinder.org: Do you know what is the nickname of Texas? Check
this webpage to find the most frequently used initials and abbreviation for
the state name of Texas.
Countryaah: Alphabetical list of all airports in
Texas. Categorized by size and sorted by city. Also includes three-letter
abbreviations for each airport of Texas. Check lawschoolsinusa for best law schools in Texas.
Texas, abbreviated TX, is a state of the United States, forming, together
with Arkansas, Louisiana and Oklahoma, the so-called Southwest Central
States. Bordering Mexico and New Mexico in the west, Oklahoma in the north,
Arkansas in the northeast, Louisiana in the west and the Gulf of Mexico in the
Texas has a total area of approximately 695,660 km2 and is the
second largest state in the United States after Alaska. With 28,304,596
residents (US Census, 2017), Texas is also the second most populous state,
after California. Texas was listed as state number 28 in the United States on
December 29, 1845. The capital is Austin, while Houston is the largest city.
The state is often called The Lone Star State because the state had
a lone star in the coat of arms when it was an independent republic.
Texas borders Mexico in the southwest along the Rio Grande River, toward New
Mexico in the west; The Red River borders Oklahoma and Arkansas to the northeast
and the Sabine River to Louisiana to the west. Towards the Gulf of Mexico in the
southeast, there are lagoon coasts and long sandbanks from Galveston in the
north to the mouth of the Rio Grande in the south. Inside is a broad coastal
plain, which in the west turns into a fertile black soil area; "Black
prairie". Central and Western Texas is a Great Plains; 400–700 m asl West of
the Pecos Riverthe terrain is mountainous and rugged. The landscape reaches in
Guadalupe Peak furthest west at 2667 m.
A number of larger rivers flow through Texas toward the Gulf of Mexico,
including the Rio Grande, Nueces, Colorado, Brazos and Trinity. East Texas is
covered by a belt of cypresses and long-pine pine along the sandy shores of the
coast; By the way, there are many deciduous forests, including
oak, hickory, plane and mulberry. The plateau country of West Texas is
predominantly grass-steppe; furthest west bush and partly desert. The
mountainous areas have more rainfall, and are grown by conifers, mainly pine
forests, in the northwest corner.
The Gulf of Mexico is often hit by hurricane and some years also Texas. The
worst was the tropical cyclone Rita in 2005 between Sabine Pass, Texas, and
Johnson's Bayou, Louisiana. Hurricane Harvey hit Texas on August 25, 2017. The
hurricane brought storm surge, heavy rainfall and, in the aftermath, the
worst flood in the state's history.
Texas has a population density of about 39 residents per mile 2,
versus about 33 for the entire United States. Nearly 85 percent of the
population of Texas lives in urban areas, compared to about 80 percent for the
entire United States. East Texas is quite densely populated, with the largest
population concentration in the Houston area. However, western Texas is sparsely
populated outside of sprawling urban areas.
Of the population, 42 percent are white, 39.4 percent are Hispanic or Latino
(approximately 32 percent Mexican origin), and 12.7 percent are African
American. It is estimated that there are more than one million illegal
immigrants living in Texas.
The largest cities are Houston (2,312,717, US Census 2017), San
Antonio (1,511,946), Dallas (1,341,075), Austin (950,715), Fort Worth (874,168)
and El Paso (683,577 residents). Austin is a university town and an important
industrial research center, as well as the hometown of the great annual cultural
and technology festival South by Southwest (SXSW). The largest church
community is the Baptist Church, the Catholic Church and the Methodist Church.
Texas sends two senators and 36 representatives to the
federal congress in Washington DC.
Texas has the second largest state economy in the United States
after California. Had Texas been a country, it would have been the world's 10th
largest economy around the world.
Texas has over 500,000 km2 or agricultural land, of which about 30
percent is agricultural land. The state is America's
leading cotton producer; moreover, much wheat and sorghum, rice, maize,
peanuts, vegetables and fruits are grown. The livestock team is also
significant. In central and western Texas there are some of the largest cattle
farms in the United States.
Texas has rich mineral resources and is the largest oil producing area in the
United States (3.17 million barrels per day, 2014). The gas is distributed via
wiring to almost the entire United States, as well as parts
of Canada and Mexico. Other important minerals are salt, sulfur and limestone.
Coastal industry includes some of the United States' largest concentrations
of oil refineries, chemical and petrochemical plants, located
in Houston, Beaumont, Galveston and Corpus Christi, among others. In addition,
there are smelters and shipyards, extensive engineering and mechanical industry,
textile, food and electronic industries.
Houston 's aerospace city is a major traffic hub and among the United States'
largest port cities with large exports of petroleum and agricultural
products; Dallas is a leading banking and financial center in the Southwest.
Texas was colonized by the Spaniards from 1686. When Mexico declared
independence in 1821, Texas joined Mexico, which in 1824 created the state of Coahuila
y Tejas - Coahuila and Texas. Immigrated North Americans, however, revolted
in 1835, and after their chief military leader, Sam Houston, defeated Mexican
General Santa Ana in 1836, Texas became an independent republic. Joining
the United States in 1845 led to war with Mexico, which in 1848 had to give up
all land east of the Rio Grande. During the Civil War, Texas was on the southern
In 1901 large amounts of oil were found in the Spindletop field
near Beaumont. Since then, several major oil discoveries have been made in East
Texas, from 1948 in western Texas as well. The oil resources formed the basis
for the state's rapid industrial and financial growth in the 20th century, and
for the development of cities such as Houston, Dallas and Fort Worth. The
population has increased significantly since 1945, and in the 1990s Texas New
York passed as the United States second most populous state.