Natural resources and energy
Swaziland has assets of coal, diamonds, gold,
tin, kaolin (porcelain clay), talc, iron ore and silicic
acid, but now only coal, stone and some iron ore is
mined. The mining industry's share of gross domestic
product (GDP) has steadily declined ever since the
1960s, from a tenth to less than one percent a few years
into the 2010s.
One reason for the downturn in the mining industry is
that asbestos, which was previously broken on a large
scale, proved to be a health and environmentally
hazardous product. Another reason is that several
mineral resources, such as diamonds, have started to run
out. The most important product from the mining industry
is coal, which also exports.
Major exports by Swaziland with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Electricity is produced at hydro power plants in the
Komati River, but most of the electricity must be
imported from South Africa. Rural households mainly use
wood, coal and oil-based fuels as an energy source.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, WZ stands for Swaziland. Visit itypeusa for more information about Swaziland.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
373 kilos of oil equivalent (2007)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
1 203 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
0.9 tonnes (2014)
No charge against opposition leaders
The leaders of Pudemo and its youth associations are released after 13 months
in detention without trial (see May 2014).
Sentenced journalists are released
The Supreme Court orders that the editor and the chronicler sentenced to two
years in prison for court clashes be released (see March 2014).
Democracy meeting stopped
Security forces are preventing Tucoswa from holding a democracy-friendly
meeting in Manzini.