Natural resources, energy and environment
Slovenia is rich in forest and water.
Otherwise, there are smaller deposits of iron, lead,
zinc and copper ore, as well as of lignite, mercury,
uranium and oil. However, this is not a significant
Almost half the energy demand is covered by imported
oil and natural gas. Nuclear power and coal account for
about the same amount, while the remainder is mainly
biofuels and hydropower. No oil is extracted in the
Major exports by Slovenia with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Electricity production is almost exclusively
domestic. Nuclear power accounts for just over a third,
hydropower and other renewable sources for a third, and
coal power for just under a third.
Slovenia has a nuclear power plant, in the city of
Krško. It was built jointly for Slovenia and Croatia
during the Yugoslav era. After independence in 1991, a
dispute arose over ownership, but according to a
settlement from the beginning of the 2000s, the
countries jointly own the work and share the electricity
generated. A dispute persisted for a long time about
previously failed electricity deliveries but in 2015 a
tribunal ordered Slovenia to pay a total of EUR 30
million to Croatia, in damages and arbitration costs.
The countries have agreed to extend the life of the
reactor by 20 years, until 2043. Discussions are
underway to build a second reactor in Krško, but no
decision has been made on the matter.
Slovenia's environmental problems are particularly
noticeable because the Sava river has been soiled by
industrial and household waste and that the coastal
water has been polluted by emissions from the industrial
city of Koper. Otherwise, the country has a clear
environmental profile. Just over half the area is
covered by some form of nature protection. As the first
country in the EU, Slovenia has since 2016 enshrined in
the Constitution that access to clean drinking water is
a fundamental right, and that water resources must not
be privatized. In the same year, Slovenia became the
first country in the world to be designated a "green
destination" by the Green Destinations organization, and
Ljubljana was named European environmental capital by
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, SI stands for Slovenia.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
3 175 kilograms of oil equivalent (2015)
Electricity consumption per person
6728 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
12 812 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
6.2 tons (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
20.9 percent (2015)
Borut Pahor is elected president
Former Prime Minister Borut Pahor wins a convincing victory in the decisive
round of the presidential election with just over 67 percent of the vote against
just under 33 percent for incumbent President Danilo Türk. In the first half of
November, Pahor gained 40 percent against 36 for Türk. During the final phase of
the electoral movement, demonstrations in Ljubljana are held against austerity
and against corruption. The turnout is 42 percent.
Extensive austerity is adopted
After the government agreed to some of the trade union demands, Parliament
adopts a large austerity package which includes, among other things, reduced
salaries for those working in the public sector as well as reduced sickness
benefit, unemployment benefit and parental benefit. The concessions to the trade
union include, among other things, a promise that those who went on strike in
April would receive pay for the strike days and that planned savings in the
education sector should be postponed in the future. The goal is to reduce the
budget deficit below 3 percent in 2013, that is, the limit that the members of
the EU's currency union EMU must abide by.
Referendum against adoption law
In a referendum, the Slovenes reject the law that was adopted in June 2011,
which allows homosexuals to adopt their partner's biological children.
New government takes office
Janez Janša takes over as prime minister for a government consisting of his
own SDS, DeSUS and SLS, New Slovenia and the newly formed Liberal Party,
Gregor Virant's national list. The parties have 50
The electorate does not succeed in forming government
Since Janković failed to form a government, SDS leader Janez Janša is
approved as head of government despite being charged with corruption.