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Nebraska, abbreviated NE and Nebr., Is a state in the Midwest of the United
States, west of the Missouri River. Nebraska borders the north toward South
Dakota, east to Iowa and Missouri, south to Kansas and Colorado, and west
The state has an area of 200 357 km2 and has 1 920 076
residents (US Census, 2017). The capital is Lincoln.
Nebraska is a rolling plains country, which, through the Platte, Niobrara and
Republican rivers, drains eastward toward the Missouri River. The landscape is
somewhat more cropped in the west than in the east (Badlands), and descends from
1650 meters above sea level. in the southwest to 250 masl in the
southeast. Eastern Nebraska is covered by fertile loam soil, western Nebraska
with sand and clay. The climate is markedly continental.
Nebraska was originally populated by various indigenous peoples who lived by
hunting, retreating and partly farming. European colonization began in earnest
after the construction of the Union Pacific railway in 1869. The population,
which in 1870 was about 120,000, had already passed one million in
1890. Population growth has been small throughout the 20th century, and growth
was particularly low in the period 1980–1990 with only 0.5 per cent in
total. Later, the population has increased somewhat, and growth was 8.4 per cent
during the 1990–2000 period.
Of the population, 79 percent are white, 5.5 percent Hispanic, and 5.1
percent black (US Census, 2017). 73.1 percent of the population lives in cities
(2010). Largest cities are Omaha and the capital Lincoln.
Nebraska sends two senators and three representatives of the
federal Congress in Washington DC. Since 1934, Nebraska has been the only state
in the United States to have a one-room system.
Nebraska is one of America's most important agricultural states. Corn, winter
wheat, sorghum, soybeans and sugar beets are grown, further oats, barley, rye
and potatoes. The big team is considerable. The most important industrial branch
is the food industry with large slaughterhouses and mills; other industries
include mechanical, chemical and graphic industries.
Omaha is one of the leading insurance business centers in the United
States. There are more than 30 higher education institutions, including the
State University with branches in Lincoln (founded 1869) and Omaha (1908).
Nebraska was possibly visited by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1541. The
area later came under France, then during Spain 1763-1801, became French again,
and joined the United States in 1803 during the Louisiana acquisition. Nebraska
gained its status as a territory in 1854 and became the 37th state in the Union
in 1867. Subsequently, the area was largely populated by European
immigrants. The boundaries were finally established after minor extensions 1882