Natural resources and energy
Montenegro is relatively rich in minerals,
such as bauxite, iron ore and copper, and is
self-sufficient on coal (mainly lignite). It has good
access to hydropower, but the hydropower supply is
sometimes affected by severe drought. The country lacks
its own oil resources.
The Serbian Orthodox Church, as well as various
environmental-oriented NGOs, have protested, for
cultural and environmental reasons, against several dam
construction projects in the Moraca River in
collaboration with Chinese and Turkish companies.
Montenegro has also said it wants to be an ecological
Major exports by Montenegro with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Many installations are still inefficient with
recurrent power outages. The European Development Bank
EBRD has invested in support for Montenegro so that the
country can build up modern, environmentally friendly
facilities and even export electricity. A project is
also underway to link the energy systems in Montenegro
with those in Serbia and Italy.
The Montenegrin state owns a little more than half of
the electricity monopoly (EPCG), which has long been
heavily indebted. Electricity prices were therefore
raised (but not as much as EPCG had wished) both in
early 2012 and 2013, with widespread popular protests as
a result. After small increases in profitability in 2013
and 2014, declines were noted for the company in both
2015 and 2016. Throughout the 2010s, ups and downs have
replaced each other in terms of mining and energy
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, MW stands for Montenegro. Visit itypeusa for more information about Montenegro.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
1,538 kilograms of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
4612 kilowatt hours, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
2 211 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
3.6 tonnes (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
43.0 percent (2015)
Gang crime concerns
Prime Minister Duško Marković holds a special meeting on the security
situation in the country with representatives of the police and security
services. In the coastal town of Kotor, a UNESCO World Heritage site and
well-frequented by tourists, a former soccer player is shortly shot to death in
what is believed to be a deal about drug-related crime. A week earlier, two men
were killed in the middle of the day in the capital Podgorica by criminals from
Kotor - one just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. In the
past year, a number of murders and bombings have occurred, but few have been
arrested. The worst is the situation in Kotor, where 30 gang-related murders
have taken place since the end of 2013, most in drug-related settlements between
mainly Skaljari and Kavač clans (named after places in Kotor).
New rules of procedure in Parliament
Parliament votes new rules of procedure for Members since disagreement
between the ruling parties and the opposition several times during the spring
and summer degenerated into disputes, with swearing and obviousness as a result.
A member of parliament who breaks the new rules can get rid of half his monthly
salary. The opposition claims that the rules are politically conditional.
Pence visits Montenegro
US Vice President Mike Pence is received in Podgorica by Prime Minister Duško
Marković. Pence is the highest ranking American who has visited Montenegro in
modern times. His visit is part of an Eastern European tour, where Pence also
visited Estonia and Georgia. It is seen as a support to Montenegro, NATO's
newest member country, and its neighbors as a counterbalance to what many
believe is an increased Russian influence in the region.
Trial against suspected coup makers
The trial against 14 people, accused of trying to conduct a coup d'état in
connection with the parliamentary elections (see October 2016),
begins but is updated the following day after requesting more time from the
defense lawyers. Among the accused are opposition politicians Andrija Mandić and
Milan Knežević from the Democratic front as well as another Montenegrin, nine
Serbian citizens and two Russians. Most of them have not been able to be
arrested. The defendants are said to have had support from Russia, which the
Russian government denies. The accused is believed to have primarily wanted to
prevent Montenegro's accession to NATO.
Severe forest fires
Prolonged drought and heat cause forest fires to erupt in several locations
in the country and spread down the Adriatic coast. Worst affected are the areas
around the cities of Herceg Novi near the border with Croatia (which also
affected) and Tivat further south. The fires indicate major deficiencies in the
emergency services in Montenegro, who have turned abroad for help.
Montenegro becomes NATO member
Montenegro formally becomes NATO's 29th member state, and the third of the
former Yugoslav sub-republics to join the defense alliance (after Slovenia and
Trump is writing
President Donald Trump signs the protocol, which allows the United States to
accept Montenegro as a NATO member. Now only approval from the Netherlands and
Spain and Montenegro remains hoped to be admitted as full NATO member at the
organization's summit in Brussels at the end of May.
The United States Senate welcomes Montenegro
With 97 votes to 2, the US Senate says yes in a vote yes to Montenegro as a
NATO member. President Donald Trump will now also sign the so-called instrument
Try to stop NATO membership
Two Russian-friendly Montenegrin opposition leaders, Andrija Mandić and Milan
Knežević, in a letter to President Trump's adviser Steve Bannon, are trying to
convince him that a Montenegrin NATO membership would not favor the United
States and that an American yes would also impair US relations with Russia. The
US Foreign Affairs Committee has said yes, but the decision must be approved by
the US Senate; however, the vote there has so far been blocked by two senators.
At the beginning of March, 25 of 28 NATO countries had agreed to Montenegro.
Woman protest against cuts
About 2,500 women are protesting outside the government building in the
capital Podgorica against the government's planned cuts in the life-long state
grant of mothers who have three or more children. The demonstration is violent,
but some women are eventually admitted to speak with government officials.
Natochef announces support
At a meeting between Prime Minister Duško Marković and NATO Secretary General
Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels, they both voiced concerns that the United States,
since Donald Trump took office as president, wants to postpone or even
disapprove of Montenegro's NATO membership. The whole thing can be seen as a
test of Trump's relations with Russia, which does not want Montenegro to join
NATO. So far, 22 out of 28 Natu countries have approved Montenegro and a clear
sign from the US is expected to get the others to do so as well.