Natural resources and energy
The most important natural resource is
bauxite, a soil from which aluminum is produced.
Imported oil covers almost the entire energy
Jamaica is estimated to have the world's fourth
largest bauxite reserves and is a leading exporter.
Major exports by Jamaica with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Most of the bauxite extracted is processed into
alumina which is then exported. One third of the energy
consumed in the country is consumed by the
energy-intensive bauxite industry.
Oil is the largest import commodity. No domestic
production exists, but foreign companies are looking for
oil in Jamaica's water.
Around a tenth (2016) of electricity is generated by
wind and hydropower and solar power plants. Investments
are made to increase the share of renewable energy.
According to a decision in 2015, two power plants
must be rebuilt to be able to be fired with imported
natural gas. The purpose is to reduce fuel costs while
reducing the impact on the environment.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, JA stands for Jamaica. Visit itypeusa for more information about Jamaica.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
1,009 kilograms of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
1085 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
7 422 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
2.6 tonnes (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
16.8 percent (2015)
PNP wins parliamentary elections
The Social Democratic PNP with Portia Simpson Miller in the lead wins the
parliamentary election with 42 of the 63 seats. The other 21 seats go to the
right-wing party JLP, which now loses government power.
Andrew Holness's new prime minister
Former Education Minister Andrew Holness becomes new Prime Minister after
Golding resigned in September.
Prime Minister Golding resigns
The government unexpectedly announces that Prime Minister Golding will resign
as soon as the JLP government party has appointed a new leader who then
automatically becomes the head of government. Golding has received a lot of
criticism for having long opposed the extradition of drug king Coke to the
United States (see June 2010). Golding later said in a comment
that the Coke deal is behind the decision to resign.
The Minister of Energy is forced to resign
24th of May
Energy and Mines Minister James Robertson resigns with immediate effect after
the US revoked his and his wife's visas. The US authorities give no
explanations, but according to media, the reason may be suspicions that
Robertson planned to murder a Jamaican visa applicant. Robertson rejects the
The drug king is arrested and released
Gang leader Christopher "Dudus" Coke surrenders to police (see May
2010) and is released to the United States after a few days, where two
years later he is sentenced to 23 years in prison. According to US authorities,
for a couple of decades Coke has, in principle, enjoyed impunity in his home
country, where he has engaged in the smuggling of weapons and drugs between
Jamaica and the United States. The case sheds light on the strong ties between
gang leaders and politicians in Jamaica; Coke has long been under the patronage
of the JLP government and Prime Minister Bruce Golding.
State of emergency after an outbreak of violence
An emergency permit is introduced in the slum area of Tivoli Gardens in
west Kingston, since a decision to seize an influential drug king, Christopher
"Dudus" Coke, has caused an outbreak of violence. In connection with clashes
between security forces and gang members, over 70 people are killed and over
4,000 arrested, the vast majority of civilians.