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Iowa, abbreviated IA, Ig or Ia., A state in the United States, located in the
Midwest, between the Mississippi and Missouri. Iowa borders the states
of Minnesota in the north, Wisconsin and Illinois in the east, Missouri in the
south and Nebraska and South Dakota in the west.
Iowa has a total area of approximately 145,750 square miles and has
3,145,711 residents (U.S. Census, 2017). Iowa was listed as the 29th state in
the United States on December 28, 1846. The capital and largest city is Des
Iowa is called The Hawkeye State because Indigenous peoples in the
area were called "hawk eyes."The name Iowa must be derived from a Sioux word
with uncertain interpretation. It could mean "this is the place", "beautiful
landscape"or "one who sleeps".
Iowa is a flat prairie land that slopes steadily from northwest to
southeast. In the northwest are some hills with the state's highest point, 510
meters above sea level. The southeastern two-thirds of the state is drained to
the Mississippi River, including through the rivers Des Moines and Iowa, the
remainder to the Missouri River. A major flood hit the Mississippi-Missouri
waterway in 1993, and the entire state was declared a disaster area.
The climate is pronounced continental with hot summers and cold winters with
heavy snowfall. The average temperature for January varies between −9 °C in the
northwest and −4 °C in the southeast, the July temperature between 23 ° and 25
°C. The annual rainfall varies from approximately 700 millimeters in the
northwest to up to 900 millimeters in the southeast (Des Moines 770
millimeters). Over 70 percent of the precipitation falls in the months of April
to October, with a particularly strong concentration in June.
Between 1970 and 1980, the population increased by 3 per cent, which was well
below the national average (11.4 per cent). Between 1980 and 1990, the state had
a net emigration of 137,000. During the period 1990-2000, the population
increased again by 5.4 per cent, and from 2000 to 2010 the increase was 4.1 per
cent - compared to 9.7 per cent in the entire United States.
The state was originally populated by Iowa people. The last indigenous treaty
was signed in 1851. Prior to 1850, the southern part was mainly populated from
the south, from Kentucky primarily, while in the north, the stream came
especially from the Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and New England states. The
population increased sharply in the latter half of the 19th century as a result
of immigration, but stabilized around the year 1900. In the 1900s, the migration
of blacks to the urban areas was the only immigration of importance. Of the
population, 85.7 percent are considered white, 3.8 percent black and 6
percent Hispanic (US Census, 2017).
The largest cities are the capital of Des Moines with 217 521
residents, Cedar Rapids with 132 228 residents and Davenport with 102 320
residents (US Census, 2017). Iowa's oldest city is Dubuque, which is on the
border with Wisconsin and Illinois northeast of the state and is the capital of
the county of the same name.
Iowa Elects Two Senators and Four Representatives to Congress in Washington
DC The state's own Senate has 50 members and the House of Representatives 100
95.5 percent of Iowa's land is arable land, and the fat, thick soil, rich in
minerals and organic matter, has made the state one of the richest agricultural
states in the United States. Iowa is located in the so-called corn belt and is
the nation's largest corn producer, second largest producer of soybeans and
third largest in terms of oats and hay. Barley, wheat, rye and potatoes are also
grown. Most of the grain is used for feed. Iowa has more pigs than any other
The industry has its main focus in the processing of agricultural products
and the production of agricultural machinery. In recent years, however, a number
of new industrial products have been added, such as electronic equipment, home
appliances, car accessories and furniture. The state is also the United States'
largest producer of ethanol, more than a third of the state's grain production
is used in ethanol production. In 2010, Iowa received about 15 percent of its
electrical energy from wind power, and together with Texas, is the largest wind
power producer in the United States.
Iowa has a number of higher education institutions, of which the largest and
highest-ranking are the University of Iowa at Iowa City (founded 1847), and Iowa
State University at Ames (founded 1858).
The first Europeans to come to Iowa were probably the French explorers Louis
Jolliet and Jaques Marquette in 1673. Fixed settlement did not take place until
the 1830s. The area was part of the Louisiana acquisition made by the United
States of France in 1803, organized as its own territory in 1838, and as the
29th state admitted to the union in 1846. The population was 30,000 in 1840,
675,000 in 1860, 1,915,000 in 1890. The increase in the population in the 20th
century has been far below the average for the United States.
The first Norwegian immigrants came to the state in 1847, and in 1853 the
first Norwegian congregation in Iowa was established. The important
Norwegian-American institution Vesterheim Museum in the city of Decorah, in the
northeastern part of the state, where a large part of the population is of
Norwegian descent, has excellent collections to illuminate the history of