Abbreviationfinder.org: Do you know what is the nickname of Indiana? Check
this webpage to find the most frequently used initials and abbreviation for
the state name of
Countryaah: Alphabetical list of all airports in Indiana. Categorized by
size and sorted by city. Also includes three-letter abbreviations for each
airport of Indiana.
- SongAAH: Offers lists of popular
artists, their albums, and top songs with Indiana. Covers downloadable song
lyrics in JPG format based in the state of Indiana.
Indiana, abbreviated IN and Ind., Is a state in the United States, between
Lake Michigan in the north and the Ohio River in the south. The state borders
north to Michigan, east to Ohio, south to Kentucky, and west
to Illinois. Indiana has a total area of 94,328 km2 and has
6,666,818 residents (US Census, 2017). The capital is Indianapolis.
Indiana is also known as The Hoosier State, explained as derived
from Who's yere?, 'Who are you?', A previously common way of greeting
strangers (the interpretation is uncertain).
Geography and climate
The majority of Indiana is a wavy plain, which slopes evenly to the
southwest. Large sand dunes border the shores of Lake Michigan. In the north
there are a large number of small lakes. Along the Ohio River there are some low
mountains and steep cliffs. Here is the state's highest point, 392 meters above
sea level. The bedrock consists of flat layers, to the south of limestone with
many caves. The Wabash River flows through Indiana and forms the western
boundary of Illinois before it flows into Ohio, marking Indiana's southern
boundary. Other important rivers are the White River and the Blue River. The
climate is continental, but without extreme temperatures.
Population growth in 1980–1990 was only one per cent, which was far lower
than the national average (about 10 per cent). Like several neighboring states,
Indiana has had a significant relocation surplus. After 1990, the population has
increased more strongly and in the period 1990–2000 the population grew by 9.7
per cent (against the national average of 5.6 per cent).
Of the population, 79.2 per cent are considered white, most of them British,
Irish and German descent; 9.7 percent blacks and 7 percent Hispanics (US Census,
2017). In the industrial city of Gary, about 70 percent are black, in East
Chicago 30 percent and Indianapolis 20 percent. Ethnic groups from southern and
eastern Europe can be found especially in the industrial cities in the north,
for example in South Bend. More than 2 / 3 of Indiana's
population who are in a denomination are Protestants, far above the national
average. Politically, the state is dominated by Republicans.
The largest cities are the capital Indianapolis with 863 002
residents, Fort Wayne with 265 904 residents, Evansville with 118 930
residents and Gary with 76 008 residents (US Census, 2017).
Indiana elects two senators and nine representatives for the Washington
DC federal congress. The State Senate has 50 members, the House of
Representatives 100 members.
Agriculture employs only about three per cent of the working population, but
the value of agricultural production is very high, and agriculture occupies
about 3/4 of the total area. The most important agricultural product is maize,
which is largely used in pig farming. Furthermore, soybeans, wheat, oats, fruits
and vegetables are grown. In the south, some tobacco is grown.
Indiana is the United States' largest producer of
building blocks (limestone), which is mined around Bedford and Bloomington in
the southern state. Some coal and petroleum are also extracted. The northwestern
part of the state is heavily industrialized. In and around the cities of Gary,
East Chicago and Hammond, which are all part of the Chicago region, is one of
the world's largest concentrations of heavy industry with huge steel mills,
cement mills and oil refineries. Other important industrial products are
electrical and electronic appliances and machinery, car parts, aircraft and
other transport equipment, agricultural machinery, chemicals and foodstuffs.
Transportation is highly developed, and Indianapolis is an important hub for
road transport. On the Ohio River, there is significant river transport, while
the Port of Indiana on Lake Michigan provides connection to the Saint Lawrence
When the first French fur hunters arrived in the area in the 17th century, it
was inhabited by indigenous peoples of the Algonquin Miami Association. After
1700, the French built several forts to protect the route to Mississippi, the
first at Lafayette in 1717. Between 1731 and 1732, the French built a trading
station at Fort Vincennes, one of the first permanent white settlements west of
France surrendered the territory to Britain in 1763, and during the War of
Independence the British were subjected to US troops under the command of
General George Rogers Clark. At the Paris Peace of 1783, where the United
Kingdom recognized the independence of the United States, the country came under
the United States. In 1787, part of the Northwest Territory, in 1800, was
organized as the Indiana Territory, which also
included Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan and parts of Minnesota.
Indiana became a member of the Union as the 19th state in 1816. Through a
series of wars, the indigenous population was displaced, including at the Battle
of Tippecanoe in 1811, where General and later President William Henry
Harrison defeated the indigenous people under Shawnee Chief Tecumseh. The area
was then opened to settlers. The population then rose rapidly, from 25,000 in
1810 to 685,000 in 1840, 1,680,000 in 1870 and 2,515,000 in 1900.