Natural resources and energy
The Gambia has few mineral resources and only a
few are extracted commercially. Imported oil is used to
generate electricity. Wood and charcoal account for most
of the energy demand, which is hard on the forest.
An Australian company, Carnegie Mineral Company,
extracted from the mineral zircon and rutile from 2006.
However, the Gambian government accused the company of
fraud and in 2008 revoked its license to exploit
deposits in the country. The company brought the case
before an international arbitration court, which in a
ruling in 2015 gave the company the right.
Major exports by Gambia with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
There are sufficient deposits of uranium for recovery
to pay off. There are also deposits of tin, salt and
Investigations indicate that there may be oil
offshore. The then President Jammeh stated in 2004 that
large oil resources had been found, but no evidence has
so far been presented for the claim.
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The mains are mainly confined to the coastal area and
it is heavily loaded; Power outages are common. A new
power station was put into operation in Brikama in 2011,
which meant a necessary strengthening of capacity. The
State Electricity and Water Agency explains its poor
service with the fact that customers, not least state
companies, do not pay their bills. The price of
electricity is among the highest in Africa.
An environmental problem that the Gambia is grappling
with is that the recurring drought in recent decades has
resulted in the river water reaching an ever higher salt
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
87 kilograms of oil equivalent (2007)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
513 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
0.3 ton (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
51.5 percent (2015)
France promises new aid
France pledges financial support of EUR 50 million to The Gambia. The money
will go to budget support, drinking water and agricultural projects.
The Truth Commission begins to investigate crimes under the dictatorship
A new Truth, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission (TRRC) to investigate
the abuses committed under the former dictator Jammeh's rule. It is Parliament
that has decided on the TRCC whose mandate is both to find perpetrators, to
create reconciliation and to investigate how the abuses have affected the
structures of society. Victims and witnesses should be heard at public hearings.
The Commission must be able to determine whether damages are to be paid and who
should be prosecuted for crimes. Former President Jammeh is in exile in
Jammeh's luxury cars are sold online
The Gambia government decides to sell former President Jammeh's assets, five
jets and 30 luxury cars. The purpose is for the money to go to school education.
The hope is that they will bring in about $ 10 million through an online
The Gambia economy is growing
A new economic forecast indicates that the Gambian economy will grow by
between four and five percent in the year 2018 and 2019. Growth has accelerated
due to larger harvests and increased tourism and trade. One reason for concern
is the high external debt, which according to IMF figures amounted to 130
percent of GDP in 2017. At a donor conference in Brussels earlier in the year,
new support for the country of $ 1.5 billion was promised.
Three young men are killed by police in connection with protests
Unrest erupts when police intervene against villagers in Faraba Banta
protesting that their rice fields are being polluted around a sand roof. Three
young men are killed by police. Several are also injured, both civilians and
policemen. President Barrow writes a twitter message in which he regrets what
has happened and promises that it should not be repeated and justice should be
shipped. Five policemen are suspended from their posts (they are later charged)
and six protesters are arrested. At a similar protest in May, police fired tear
gas and rubber bullets at the protesters. Later, the head of the national police
resigns. President Barrow also promises to set up a commission to investigate
what has happened, and he calls on any eyewitnesses to come forward.
New Constitutional Commission takes office
A new eleven-member Constitutional Review Commission (CRC) joins. They will
review the constitution from 1997. The hope is that they will present a proposal
for a new constitution by the end of 2019.
Paramilitary group suspected of murder of migrants in 2005
15th of May
A paramilitary unit, Junglers, controlled by former President Jammeh is
accused by Human Watch of executing at least 50 migrants in 2005. The migrants
came from Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo. The migrants, who were on their way
to Europe, were arrested on a beach in Gambia suspected of being mercenaries in
the country to try to overthrow Jammeh.
The Gambia appoints new mayors
The Gambians are up for re-election. This time to elect the mayor. This time,
too, the election is expected to be a great success for President Barrow's UDP,
who did well in the local elections in April.
Success for UDP in local elections
The ruling United Democratic Party (UDP) has had great success in local
elections, winning 62 seats out of 120 in the country's eight local councils.
The Gambia Democratic Congress (GDC) wins 23 seats followed by Jammeh's old
party APRC which gets 18 seats.
Two former generals are facing martial law
The Gambian military is prosecuting two former generals, Umpa Mendy and
Ansumana Tamba, who accompanied former President Jammeh when he went into exile
in Equatorial Guinea in 2017, but have since returned to their homeland and were
arrested in their homes in January 2018. They is charged with deserting and is
due to appear before martial law on April 4.
Free Trade Agreement in Africa
The Gambia is one of 44 countries to sign a Free Trade Agreement at the
African Union Summit in Rwanda. The agreement must be ratified at the national
level before the AFCFTA free trade area can become a reality, but it is seen as
a historically important step towards increased trade exchange within Africa.
Barrow faces moratorium on capital punishment
President Barrow announces a temporary stop for the death penalty in The
Gambia. He sees it as a first step to eliminate it completely. No one has been
executed in The Gambia since 2002, when nine soldiers were arched.
The Gambia again becomes a member of the Commonwealth
The Gambia again becomes a member of the Commonwealth . The country left the
cooperation organization under Jammeh's rule, accusing it of being "an extension
of colonialism. All 52 member states approve Gambia's application for re-entry.
Clear sign for political meetings
Police cancel the stop for political meetings that were introduced earlier in
January. It invites all political parties planning meetings to apply for a
Obiang refuses to extradite Jammeh
Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema refuses to extradite
Gambia's former president Jammeh. He motivates his decision that he must be
respected as a former African leader, and that if he were extradited, it would
make other African leaders unwilling to relinquish power. Jammeh ruled the
Gambia with brutal methods for 22 years and he is accused of stealing the
equivalent of $ 50 million from the Treasury when he left Gambia. In the home
country, a campaign is underway to bring the former president to trial.
Former generals are arrested
Two former generals who fled the country along with Jammeh are arrested when
they return to their home country. They are believed to have traveled to Gambia
from Equatorial Guinea by air via Morocco. Both previously worked closely with
the former president.
Stop for political meetings
Clashes between supporters of President Adama Barrow's UDP and those
supporting the ousted President Yahya Jammeh's APRC lead to the police
temporarily stopping all political meetings. The Gambia will hold local
elections in April. However, representatives of the UDP say that it was the
villagers who attacked APRC, not their party members.