Natural resources and energy
Energy consumption is relatively high in
Finland, which uses significantly more nuclear power
than many other EU countries. But the country is still
dependent on imported oil and natural gas. Finland also
consumes large amounts of biofuel such as peat and wood.
The forest is one of Finland's most important raw
materials. Forest raw materials are used in the wood,
cellulose and paper industry as well as for the
manufacture of matches and wood wool. The country is one
of the world's largest manufacturers of paper and
Major exports by Finland with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Other raw materials include iron ore, but also
copper, nickel, lead, zinc and precious metals such as
gold and silver. Some rare alloys are also extracted.
The large amount of energy is used, partly for
heating and partly for energy-consuming processes in the
paper industry. The energy demand is covered to a
considerable extent by domestic sources, such as heat
energy from industrial waste, peat and wood, nuclear
power and hydropower. More than a third of the energy
demand is covered by oil and gas, which are mostly
imported from Russia. In 2020, Finland became part of a
common gas market with Latvia and Estonia. Finland can
thus receive gas through a new gas pipeline from Latvian
natural gas storage facilities in Incukalns, which means
that dependence on Russian gas may decrease somewhat.
Finland is one of the few countries in the world that
is still building new nuclear power plants. The country
has four nuclear reactors, while the construction of a
fifth reactor is almost complete. The government has
given a clear sign to the construction of a sixth
reactor in Pyhäjoki in central Finland. Although
opposition to nuclear power has not been as strong in
Finland as in many other countries, its advantages and
disadvantages have been increasingly discussed as
climate issues end up on the political agenda.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, FI stands for Finland. Visit itypeusa for more information about Finland.
Finland has signed both the Kyoto Agreement of 1997
and the Paris Agreement of 2015, which aim to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions in the countries of the world.
Finland's goal is to be fossil-free by 2035 and no
longer have a negative impact on the climate with
greenhouse gas emissions. However, environmental
organizations believe that it will be difficult for
Finland to reach the ambitious targets unless the use of
the domestic fossil fuel peat is phased out
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
5 925 kilos of oil equivalent (2015)
Electricity consumption per person
15250 kilowatt hours, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
47 301 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
8.7 tonnes (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
43.2 percent (2015)
Nynazist arrested for murder
A Finnish court calls for notorious neo-Nazi Jesse Torniainen arrested,
suspected of assault and murder. Earlier this month, Torniainen kicked a passing
man in the chest so hard that the man later died in hospital. The death
trafficking occurred in connection with a neo-Nazi demonstration in Helsinki.
The death victim must have spit on the Torniainen.
The number of asylum dwellings is radically reduced
The head of the Finnish Migration Agency, Pekka Nuutinen, says that the
number of asylum residents will be reduced from 30,000 this year to 10,000 by
the end of 2017. The decrease is a result of the number of refugees applying to
Finland having dropped significantly, from 32,500 in 2015 to an estimated 10,000
Stubb resigns as Finance Minister
As a result of the change of leader in the Collection Party, Stubb resigns
from the post of finance minister. He is also replaced by Orpo in this function.
New Minister of the Interior becomes Paula Risikko.
New leader of the Assembly Party
At the Congress Party Congress, Finance Minister Alexander Stubb loses the
vote on the party leader post. New party leader becomes Interior Minister
The Orpo Assembly Party is the most popular in the government
15th of May
An opinion poll, made by the broadcaster YLE, shows that Minister of the
Interior Petteri Orpo is the most popular minister. The reason is believed to be
that he is considered to have handled the refugee situation well.
Border crossings in the north are closed to refugees
Russia and Finland agree to close the two northern border crossings for
refugees. The closure will be valid for 180 days, but when is unclear. Over the
last four months, more than 1,700 asylum seekers have applied across Finland's
northern border, most often from Afghanistan or Syria. In 2015, Finland received
about 32,500 asylum seekers, which is ten times more than in 2014.