Natural resources, energy and environment
Bahrain's oil and natural gas assets are the
country's most important source of income. The state
owns, wholly or partly, the oil and natural gas industry
and the extraction is managed by the state with the help
of Saudi Arabia.
Bahrain is the smallest oil and gas producer of the
GCC countries (see Foreign Policy and Defense) and
reserves are relatively limited. However, exploration is
underway to find any new sources and in 2018 an oil and
gas field outside the west coast was found which is said
to be larger than any previous field.
Major exports by Bahrain with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
In 2003, foreign companies were allowed to invest in
the country's energy recovery and several international
companies have since established themselves. Unlike
other countries in the region, Bahrain exports refined
The country's own energy needs are completely covered
by domestic natural gas.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, BA stands for Bahrain.
Bahrain's coasts are often exposed to environmentally
harmful oil spills. Coral reefs have been damaged, and
turtles and fish species have decreased in number as a
result of pollution in the sea. In 2018, Bahrain joined
a UN campaign to save the world ocean from debris. In
2019, the government announced its intention to ban
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
10 395 kilos of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
19225 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
31 338 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
23.4 tonnes (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
0.0 percent (2015)
Death penalty for "terrorism"
One Shiite is sentenced to death and 22 others are sentenced to life
imprisonment for forming a "terrorist group" and killing two people. Sixteen of
them are sentenced in their absence. All are deprived of their citizenship and
two are also sentenced to pay the equivalent of just over half a million dollars
Nabil Rajab is pardoned
King Hamad pardons Nabil Rajab, for "health reasons.
Nabil Rajab arrested again
Nabil Rajab, who is free on bail following an appeal, is accused of insulting
public institutions. He has tweeted, among other things, that former members of
Bahrain's security forces, now fighting with jihadist groups in Syria, have
developed their extremist views in the service. The imprisonment from January is
then set at a higher instance.
Bahrain participates in air strikes in Yemen
Bahrain participates when a group of countries led by Saudi Arabia launches
air strikes against the Shiite Muslim Huthi rebels in Yemen, which have taken
the country's capital and ousted the president.
New TV channel is stopped
Authorities are stopping the new pan-Arab TV channel al-Arabs, which has just
begun broadcasting. It then happens on the channel on its first day in the air,
an interview with a Shi'a Muslim opposition politician. al-Arab was started by a
Saudi prince and billionaire, with the aim of producing "objective" journalism.
72 people are deprived of citizenship
72 people are convicted of damaging the Kingdom's interests and are therefore
deprived of their citizenship. According to authorities abroad, most of the
convicted are members of any terrorist group, have financed terrorist acts or
have been guilty of other terror-related crimes.
Nabil Rajab sentenced to jail after tweet
Human rights activist Nabil Rajab is sentenced to six months in prison for
tweeting insults about public institutions such as the Ministry of Home Affairs
and Defense. Rajab had written, among other things, that many of the Bahrainians
who joined extreme rebel groups in Syria were former members of the country's
security forces who had developed extremist views when serving in Bahrain. Rajab
was arrested in October 2014 but released after a few weeks against the bail.