The heart test , also called pulse oximetry. It is performed on newborn babies to check the condition of the heart and diagnose diseases so they can be treated in time.
When a baby is born it is necessary to do several tests to know if he is in good health.
All tests are essential to discover possible problems in the child, among which are the tests of the little foot and the little heart.
What is the little heart test?
The little heart test can detect the most diverse diseases in the baby, such as defects and holes in the heart valves, which can cause mental deficiency, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia; malfunction of the respiratory and digestive systems; congenital hypothyroidism that causes delay in the baby’s brain development, among others.
The little heart test decreases infant mortality because it diagnoses illnesses early in life so they can be treated and cured.
How is the little heart test done?
The little heart test is a quick examination done in the hospital, it takes 5 minutes, is simple and does not cause pain in the baby. It is carried out with a wristband, called an oximeter, with this device is measured the concentration of oxygen, which must be equal to or greater than 95% in the blood, in this way it is possible to see if the child has any problem in the heart or if it is completely healthy.
The procedure is as follows: in the baby’s right hand is rolled a soft sensor and then around the foot. The light of the device runs through the skin of the newborn, and so does the measurement.
The test should be done on the newborn baby, after completing 24 hours of birth, the important thing is that this test should be done before the baby completes 48 hours of birth.
Does SUS perform the little heart test?
Since 2014, the pulse oximetry test, known as the heart test, is performed free of charge throughout the Brazilian hospital network. It is offered as part of the neonatal screening of the SUS (Single Health System), the decision was made by the Ministry of Health because it is essential to detect diseases in the baby’s heart.
Through the SUS it is possible to do not only the little heart test, but also the tests of the ear and the little foot.
The heart test early identifies heart disease, and if a problem is diagnosed, the baby undergoes an examination called an echocardiogram to confirm the diagnosis, then the doctors begin to treat the problem.