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South Dakota, abbreviated SD and S.Dak., Is a state of the United
States bordering North Dakota in the north, Minnesota and Iowa in the
east, Nebraska in the south, Wyoming and Montana in the west. The state has an
area of 199 743 km2 and has 869 666 inhabitants (US Census,
2017). The capital is Pierre.
The name Dakota is after the sioux people dakota, and means 'friend, weapon
trap '. South Dakota is also known as The Coyote State, the 'Coyote
State', as the coyote - the coyote - was very common here.
The Missouri River flows from north to east, dividing South Dakota into
two. East of the river, the landscape is leveled by former glaciers; To the west
of the river, the non-glacial landscape is characterized by wind and water
erosion. At the far west is the state's most distinctive feature in the Black
Hills, a continuation of the Rocky Mountains, and rises an average of about 900
feet above the surrounding plain. The highest point is Harney Peak with 2207
meters, which is also the highest point in North America east of the Rocky
Black Hills is one of the few wooded areas in the state. Here is the
famous Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Southwest of the Black Hills lies
the Badlands with its distinctive canyons and cliffs shaped by wind, rain and
flooding. The area is made into a national park. East of the Missouri River, the
landscape consists mostly of rolling rolling countryside covered with fertile
moraine clay. Previously, these plains were covered with short grass, today the
areas are cultivated.
Originally, South Dakota was populated by Sioux people. Today, 9 percent of
the population are descendants of these. Of the rest of the population, 82.2
percent are white, 3.8 percent Hispanic, and 2.1 percent black (US Census,
2017). Many of the inhabitants are of Norwegian descent.
In 2010, 56.7 percent lived in cities or urban areas. Major cities are Sioux
Falls, Rapid City and Aberdeen. State University is located in Vermillion. The
largest denominations are the Lutherans, then the Roman Catholic Church and
the Methodists. South Dakota sends two senators and one representative
The economy is mainly based on agriculture, which also forms the basis for
the food industry, trade and service industries. 4 / 5 of
the area used in agricultural production. Main agricultural products are rye,
sunflower seeds, flax seeds, oats, wheat, maize and barley. The livestock team
includes especially cattle, sheep and pigs. Milk production takes place
especially in the northeast.
Most of South Dakota's mineral deposits are found in the Black Hills. South
Dakota is a significant gold producer. By the way, there are also food,
mechanical and electrical industries and tourism. Along the Missouri are several
ponds that are the main source of electrical power.
South Dakota joined the American Union during the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
The Dakota Territory was created in 1861, and in 1889 it was divided into the
states of South and North Dakota. The most significant increase in population
came as a result of large gold finds in the Black Hills in the late 1870s.