Natural resources and energy
Greece has quite a lot of minerals.
Nevertheless, in the 2010s, the mining industry
accounted for less than half a percent of gross domestic
product (GDP) and employed an equally small share of the
The extraction of bauxite for aluminum production and
of lignite matters most for the economy. The coal is
mainly produced in Macedonia and in the southern
mainland. Marble, magnesite, silver, iron, nickel and
pumice are also mined.
Major exports by Greece with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Greece is one of the countries in Europe that
consumes least energy. Imported oil and a much smaller
portion of natural gas account for three quarters of the
energy supply. In the country, energy is mainly
extracted from lignite, natural gas and oil. The oil and
gas are extracted from a deposit in the northeastern
Aegean Sea. Sun, wind and water are also used, mainly on
the islands. Domestic energy accounts for a quarter of
An oil pipeline runs to Greece from Turkey.
Refineries are located in Athens and Corinth.
Electricity is generated mainly in coal, oil or
natural gas fired heat plants. Hydropower accounts for a
smaller part, as does solar and wind power.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, GR stands for Greece.
The country's economic crisis has created problems
for the electricity supply, when private electricity
producers went bankrupt or found it difficult to pay
their bills to the state supplier of natural gas, which
in turn was unable to pay their foreign suppliers.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
2,182 kilograms of oil equivalent (2015)
Electricity consumption per person
5063 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
67 319 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
6.2 tons (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
17.2 percent (2015)
Italy and Greece conclude agreements on offshore zones
Italy and Greece's foreign ministers sign an agreement on the countries'
economic zones in the Ionian Sea between the countries, thereby resolving
fishing rights disputes. The agreement is based on a previous agreement between
the countries from 1977 and must be ratified by the parliaments before it can
enter into force. An agreement between Turkey and Libya on sea borders, which
annoyed the Greek government, is believed to have driven the agreement between
Greece and Italy.
Greece extends restrictions on migrant camps
Although the rest of society is now reopened, restrictions on refugee camps
will remain. On March 21, the government introduced quarantine rules to stop the
spread of the corona virus in refugee camps on Greek islands. Greece has so far
managed to prevent a greater spread of virus in the country and so far almost
3000 inhabitants have been infected and 180 people have died of the covid-19
disease caused by the corona virus. From mid-June, flights will gradually start
to operate again in Athens and Thessaloniki airports, while smaller airports
will open from July 1. Travelers who come from areas that are highly contagious
will have to spend one to two weeks in quarantine.
EU countries receive unaccompanied refugee children
The transfer of the first young unaccompanied migrants from refugee camps on
the islands of Lesbos, Samos and Chios begins with twelve children being allowed
to go to Luxembourg. The next step is for about 50 children to be received by
Germany. In March, some EU countries pledged to receive a total of 1,600
unaccompanied children and teenagers as part of a cooperation initiative between
the European Commission and the Greek authorities, which is also supported by
UNHCR and other migrant organizations. Greece has been criticized for the over
5,000 underage migrants living in the country living in difficult conditions, in
refugee camps but sometimes even in police detention. The corona crisis has
exacerbated the problems of not least crowding in refugee camps, as outbreaks of
viruses have forced premises to close.
Greeks should stay home to prevent corona spread
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis announces the introduction of new strict
rules for staying outside the home. It is only allowed to go outside the home to
get to work, shop for food and medicines, visit doctors and for exercise
outdoors. Those who venture out must bring a certificate and identification.
Failure to comply can result in a fine of 150 euros. To date, 15 people have
died of covid-19 disease.
China grants half a million respirators
The medical services that are still struggling with the suites after the debt
crisis are expected to lack medical equipment needed for the care of people who
have covid-19 disease. Not least, facial protection is expected to be a scarce
commodity, which means that a state-owned Chinese electricity company and the
partially Chinese-owned electricity company Admie in Greece donate over 500,000
facial protection to health care.
Several measures to stop corona spread
The authorities announce that the country's borders against Albania and
Northern Macedonia will be closed and that cruise ships will not be allowed to
add at Greek ports. Already, all shops except grocery stores and pharmacies have
been closed as well as schools, universities, cinemas and sports facilities. The
measures are taken in an attempt to limit the spread of the corona virus.
According to the reports, three hundred people have so far fallen ill.
Greece faces temporary suspension of asylum handling
Prime Minister Mitsotakis announces that no asylum cases will be received for
a month to come. The decision is a way for Greece to deal with the crisis at the
border with Turkey, where thousands of migrants from the neighboring country
want to cross the border to Greece and the EU. UN Refugee Organization UNHCR
criticizes the decision to violate the 1951 Refugee Convention as well as the EU
Migrants in Turkey are stopped at the border
According to the UN, at least 13,000 migrants have gathered at the border
between Greece and Turkey. The border has been opened by Turkey to allow Syrian
refugees to enter the EU. Greek border posts are said to have used tear gas to
prevent migrants from entering the country illegally. About 3.6 million Syrian
refugees are in Turkey, which in an agreement with the EU from 2016 promised to
take care of the migrants in exchange for financial support.
New protests against refugee camps on Greek islands
Residents of Lesbos, Chios and Samos strike again in protest of the
government's plans to continue to have refugee camps in the islands. The
existing camps, which are not enough for all the asylum seekers who come to the
country, will be replaced with new premises with greater capacity during 2020.
However, the islanders are critical of the plans and only want to accept smaller
facilities where asylum seekers are received and then forwarded or sent. back to
Protests against refugee camps in Lesbos, Samos and Chios
Thousands of islanders live on three islands in the Greek island world -
Lesbos, Samos and Chios, where the government has placed large camps for
migrants - organizing a general strike with closures of shops and means of
transport while demonstrations are being held. Residents are protesting against
the government's plans to build new large refugee camps on the islands and
replace those that already exist. The refugee camps are a security problem, say
the protesters and they also respond to the humanitarian problems in the camps.
In the camp of Moria in Lesbos, 19,000 asylum seekers live, although it only has
capacity for 2,800. Human rights organizations warn of increasing xenophobia and
First female president appointed
Parliament voted in favor of appointing Ekaterini Sakellaropoulou as the
country's new president. She is the daughter of a judge in the Supreme Court of
Greece, and a lawyer trained in, among others, Paris. She becomes the country's
first female head of state in modern times. Sakellaropoulou will take office as
president on March 13.
Greece, Cyprus and Israel sign gas pipeline agreement
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, together with the Prime Ministers of
Israel and Cyprus, sign the final agreement to build a 190-mile gas pipeline to
transport natural gas from Israeli and Cypriot gas fields to Europe. The
management is supposed to be drawn via the Greek island of Crete and the Greek
mainland to Europe. The goal of the European countries is not least to reduce
dependence on Russian gas.