Natural resources, energy and environment
Croatia's most important natural resources
are oil, natural gas and bauxite. Oil is mainly
extracted in Slavonia in the east and together with
hydropower is the most important source of energy.
There are also smaller amounts of coal, iron ore,
lime and plaster, among others, but the mining industry
is of less importance.
Major exports by Croatia with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Energy needs are covered by half of domestic
production. The country imports 80 percent of the oil
consumed, as well as 40 percent of natural gas and all
Around a third of the electricity demand is also
covered by imports. More than half of the electricity
produced in Croatia comes from hydropower. One fifth of
the electricity comes from the nuclear power plant in
Krško, located in Slovenia and co-owned with the
neighboring country. An earlier dispute between the
countries regarding the ownership of the nuclear power
plant was largely resolved in 2003 and the countries now
share electricity. In 2016, Croatia and Slovenia agreed
to extend the life of the work by 20 years, to 2043.
Renewable energy sources besides hydropower have so
far been quite poorly developed.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, HR stands for Croatia.
As part of the accession to the EU, the state-owned
energy companies have been adapted to a liberalized
Air pollution and logging are among the more serious
environmental problems. Watercourses on the coasts are
threatened by emissions from both industries and
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
1,898 kilograms of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
3714 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
16 843 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
4.0 tons (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
33.1 percent (2015)
War veterans initiate protest
War veterans of the 1990s war are launching demonstrations outside the War
Veterans Ministry in Zagreb in protest of their poor living conditions and, they
believe, the lack of appreciation and understanding from the government. To
emphasize that they do not intend to give up (they demand, among other things,
the departure of the war veteran minister), they set up a tent camp outside the
Same-sex marriage is accepted
Parliament, by a large majority, adopts a law on partnerships that gives
same-sex couples all the rights a marriage gives, with one exception: they are
not allowed to adopt. The law is passed despite the fact that two-thirds of the
voting Croats earlier in a referendum said they wanted to ban a same-sex
marriage (see December 2013).
Opposition successes in EU elections
The election to the European Parliament will be a success for the opposition
parties: the center-right party coalition under HDZ retains its six seats, one
of which goes to an EU-skeptical Croatian extremist nationalist, while the
left-wing coalition led by the Social Democratic ruling party SDP gets rid of
one place and thus gets four. The remaining mandate goes to the newly formed
Green Party Orah (Walnut); the right-wing Alliance for Croatia will be without a
mandate. The turnout is 25 percent.
Journalist fined for "humiliation"
Journalist Slavica Lukić in the Jutarnji List newspaper is sentenced to €
3,700 in fines for writing that the private health clinic Medikol was heavily
indebted and bankrupt, despite receiving 77 million euros in state money. Lukić
is sentenced for joking the clinic, not for reporting anything untrue.
Sanads is sentenced to corruption
In the biggest corruption trial in Croatia's history, former Prime Minister
Ivo Sanader is sentenced to nine years in prison for bringing the equivalent of
nearly $ 13 million from state-owned companies to his own account and to HDZ,
the party he led for many years. Both Sanader and HDZ are also sentenced to pay
back some money, and the party is fined. For Sanader, who has already been
sentenced to ten years in prison for, among other things, profiting from the
1990s war in the Balkans (see November 2012), more corruption
trials await. Several others are convicted at the same time as Sanader.